WANTED: CABBAGE STEM FLEA BEETLES
Two projects hoping to provide some good news on CSFB control
Rothamsted scientists are asking oilseed rape growers to send samples of adult cabbage stem flea beetles collected at harvest to assess levels of both pesticide resistance and parasitization by natural enemies in the UK.
In return, the Institute will provide farmers with data for their own farms and a measure of how it compares nationally.
The call for insects is part of two PhD projects to determine if a wasp recently discovered to parasitize the beetles might be an effective bio-control agent.
Cabbage stem flea beetle numbers have been increasing since the 2013 ban on neonicotinoid seed treatments in oil seed rape with serious yield losses, especially in the East and South-East of the country.
Pyrethroid sprays are currently the only control option, but resistance to them is widespread in the UK.
PhD student Patricia Ortega-Ramos, who is conducting the research, said without accurate information on the susceptibility of local populations, each treatment is a gamble.
“Farmers are risking economic loss, increased pest resistance, and harmful impacts on non-target organisms. But there is new hope for control.
“A parasitic wasp, a natural parasitoid of the adult stage of flea beetles, has been found to be present in large numbers in recent years and studies on its life cycle have revealed that the larvae of this wasp develop inside the adult beetle and kill them when they emerge. However, the biocontrol potential and distribution of these parasitoids are still unknown.
“Through this study we aim to understand the mechanisms of pyrethroid resistance developing in UK populations, and the importance of parasitoids in biological control.”
To ensure a good sample size they are asking farmers to send them at least 250 live beetles to assess both pyrethroid resistance and parasitization rate.
Ms Ortega-Ramos said the best way to collect beetles is from the grain at harvest, either from trailers or stores.
Sampling kits - comprising an electric ‘pooter’, which hoovers the insects up along with plastic containers to return them - in will be provided to the first 40 farmers to respond.
Farms in areas where beetle populations are known to be low, making it unlikely that farmers can sample more than 250 beetles, can still send at least 50 beetles for just the pyrethroid resistance testing.
The results from samples will be sent back, detailing the degree of susceptibility/resistance to pyrethroids of the beetles and the percentage parasitization of that population.
Rothamsted will also provide data so that farmers can compare their situation with the ‘national average’.
About Rothamsted Research
Rothamsted Research is the longest-running agricultural research institute in the world. We work from gene to field with a proud history of ground-breaking discoveries, from crop treatment to crop protection, from statistical interpretation to soils management. Our founders, in 1843, were the pioneers of modern agriculture, and we are known for our imaginative science and our collaborative influence on fresh thinking and farming practices.
Through independent science and innovation, we make significant contributions to improving agri-food systems in the UK and internationally. In terms of the institute’s economic contribution, the cumulative impact of our work in the UK was calculated to exceed £3000 million a year in 20151. Our strength lies in our systems approach, which combines science and strategic research, interdisciplinary teams and partnerships.
Rothamsted is also home to three unique resources. These National Capabilities are open to researchers from all over the world: The Long-Term Experiments, Rothamsted Insect Survey and the North Wyke Farm Platform.
We are strategically funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), with additional support from other national and international funding streams, and from industry. We are also supported by the Lawes Agricultural Trust (LAT).
For more information, visit https://www.rothamsted.ac.uk/; Twitter @Rothamsted
1Rothamsted Research and the Value of Excellence: A synthesis of the available evidence, by Séan Rickard (Oct 2015)
The Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council is part of UK Research and Innovation, a non-departmental public body funded by a grant-in-aid from the UK government.
BBSRC invests in world-class bioscience research and training on behalf of the UK public. Our aim is to further scientific knowledge, to promote economic growth, wealth and job creation and to improve quality of life in the UK and beyond.
Funded by government, BBSRC invested £469 million in world-class bioscience in 2016-17. We support research and training in universities and strategically funded institutes. BBSRC research and the people we fund are helping society to meet major challenges, including food security, green energy and healthier, longer lives. Our investments underpin important UK economic sectors, such as farming, food, industrial biotechnology and pharmaceuticals.
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The Lawes Agricultural Trust, established in 1889 by Sir John Bennet Lawes, supports Rothamsted Research’s national and international agricultural science through the provision of land, facilities and funding. LAT, a charitable trust, owns the estates at Harpenden and Broom's Barn, including many of the buildings used by Rothamsted Research. LAT provides an annual research grant to the Director, accommodation for nearly 200 people, and support for fellowships for young scientists from developing countries. LAT also makes capital grants to help modernise facilities at Rothamsted, or invests in new buildings.