Rothamsted Research

where knowledge grows

mcgrath

Steve McGrath

About

Projects

Past Projects

Project Leader

  • Soil protection and remediation
  • Developing terrestrial biotic ligand models and testing a transformation & dissolution protocol (TDP) for soils
  • Effects of sewage sludge on agricultural productivity and soil fertility (2008-09 Preservation and continuity)
  • The "Long-term Metal Salts Experiments": Maintenance of inorganic metal salt experimental patforms
  • Quantifying the sulphur supply from farm manures to winter wheat crops
  • Transatlantic initiative for nanotechnology and the environment (TINE)
  • GHG (Greenhouse Gas) Platform - Nitrous Oxide Emission Factors

Member

  • Trace element dynamics in soils and plant uptake
  • BBSRC CASE Studentship: Optimising the amount and availability of iron in bread wheat cultivars to prevent global iron deficiency
  • BBSRC Quota Studentship: Decreasing arsenic accumulation in rice to reduce health risk
  • Mechanisms of arsenic (As) uptake and transport in rice
  • NIP aquaporins: New tools to reduce rice arsenic accumulation
  • Lawes Trust Studentship: Modelling the fate of selenium added to soil to improve biofortification efficiency
  • Taw River improvement project research partnership
  • Phosphate source identification in the River Camel catchment using 180-PO4 isotopic tracing techniques

Profile

Research interests include:

  • Optimisation of micronutrient status in food crops
  • Risk assessment of metals and metalloids in soils
  • Bio-indicators of pollution, focussing on heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants
  • Biogeochemistry of trace elements in soils, microbes and plants
  • Biological impacts of waste disposal
  • Phytoremediation
  • Soil remediation
  • Sulphur nutrition of crops and its effects on yield and quality

See:http://www.in-cites.com/scientists/ProfSteveMcGrath.html

WoK ID  http://www.researcherid.com/rid/B-5127-2008

Publications

Papers published in refereed journals: 

  1. Rodrigo S., Santamaria O., Chen Y., McGrath S.P. and Poblaciones M.J. (2014) Selenium speciation in malt, wort and beer made from selenium biofortified two-rowed barley grain. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, online. DOI: 10.1021/jf500793t
  2. Norton GJ., Douglas A., Lahner B., Yakubova E., Guerinot ML., Pinson S.R.M., Tarpley L., Eizenga G.C., McGrath S.P., Zhao F.J., Islam M.R., Islam S., Duan G., Zhu Y.G., Salt D.E., Meharg A.A., Price A.H. (2014) Genome wide association mapping of grain arsenic, copper, molybdenum and zinc in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown at four international field sites. PLoS ONE 9, e89685. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089685
  3. Xue, Y.F., Eagling, T., He, J., Zou, C.Q., McGrath, S.P.; Shewry, P.R.and  Zhao, F.J. (2014) Effects of nitrogen on the distribution and chemical speciation of iron and zinc in pearling fractions of wheat grain. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 62, 4738–4746. DOI: 10.1021/jf500273x
  4. Norton, G., Williams P., Adomako, E.E., Price, A., Zhu, Y.G.,  Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P., Deacon, C., Villada, A.,  Sommella, A., Lu, Y., De Silva, M.S.S., Brammer, H., Dasgupta, T., Islam, M. R., Meharg, A.A. (2014) Lead in rice: Analysis of baseline lead levels in market and field collected rice. Science of the Total Environment, 485-486, 428-434.
  5. Liu W.J., McGrath S.P. and Zhao F.J. (2014) Silicon has opposite effects on the accumulation of inorganic and methylated arsenic species in rice. Plant and Soil, 376, 423–431. DOI 10.1007/s11104-013-1991-7
  6. Poblaciones, M.J., Rodrigo, S., Santamaria, O., Chen, Y. and McGrath S.P. (2014) Selenium accumulation and speciation in biofortified chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under Mediterranean conditions. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94, 1101–1106. DOI 10.1002/jsfa.6372
  7. Eagling, T., Neal, A.L., McGrath, S.P., Fairweather-Tait, S., Shewry, P.R. and Zhao, F.J. (2014) Distribution and speciation of iron and zinc in grain of two wheat genotypes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 62, 708-716. dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf403331p.
  8. Poblaciones, M.J., Rodrigo, S. Santamaría O., Chen Y. and McGrath S.P. (2014) Agronomic selenium biofortification in Triticum durum under Mediterranean conditions: From grain to cooked pasta. Food Chemistry, 146, 378–384.
  9. Moore, K. L., Chen, Y., van de Meene, A.M.L., Liu, W.J., Geraki, T., Mosselmans, F., McGrath, S. P., Grovenor, C. and Zhao, F.J. (2014) Combined NanoSIMS and Synchrotron X-ray fluorescence reveals distinct cellular and subcellular distribution patterns of trace elements in rice tissues. New Phytologist, 201, 104-115. doi: 10.1111/nph.12497
  10. McGrath, S.P. and Zhao, F.J. (2013) Concentrations of metals and metalloids in soils that have the potential to lead to exceedance of maximum limit concentrations of contaminants in food and feed. Soil Use and Management, XX, YY-YY. doi: 10.1111/sum.12080
  11. Naidu R., Channey R., McConnell S., Johnston N., Semple K.T., McGrath S.P., Dries V., Nathanail P., Harmsen J., Pruszinski A., MacMillan J. and Palanisami T. (2013) Towards bioavailability-based soil criteria: past, present and future perspectives. Environ Sci Pollut Res, published online. DOI 10.1007/s11356-013-1617-x
  12. Zhao, F.J., Harris, E., Jia, Y., Ma, J., Wu, L., Liu, W., McGrath, S.P., Zhou, J. and  Zhu, Y.G. (2013) Arsenic methylation in soils and its relationship with microbial arsM abundance and diversity, and as speciation in rice. Environmental Science and Technology, 47, 7147−7154.  dx.doi.org/10.1021/es304977m
  13. Hartley, T.N., Macdonald, A.J., McGrath, S.P. and Zhao, F.J. (2013) Historical arsenic contamination of soil due to long-term phosphate fertiliser applications. Environmental Pollution, 180, 259-264.
  14. Meharg, A.A., Norton, G., Deacon, C., Williams, P., Adomako, E.E., Price, A., Zhu, Y., Li, G., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P. Villada, A., Sommella, A., Mangala, P., De Silva, C.S., Brammer, H., Dasgupta, T. and Islam, M.R. (2013). Variation in rice cadmium related to human exposure. Environmental Science Technolology, 47, 5613−5618. dx.doi.org/10.1021/es400521h
  15. Zhalnina K., deQuadros P.D., Gano K.A., Davis-Richardson A., Fagen J. R., Brown C.T., Giongo A., Drew J.C., Sayavedra-Soto L.A., Arp D.J., Camargo F.A.O., Daroub S.H., Clark I.M., McGrath S.P., Hirsch P.R. and Triplett E.W. (2013) Ca. Nitrososphaera  and Bradyrhizobium are inversely correlated and related to agricultural practices in long-term field experiments. Frontiers in Microbiology, 01May2013. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2013.00104
  16. Lofts S., Criel P., Janssen C., Lock K., McGrath S.P., Oorts K., Rooney C.P., Smolders E., Spurgeon DJ., Svendsen C., van Eeckhout H. and Zhao F.J. (2013) Modelling the effects of copper on soil organisms and processes using the free ion approach: towards a multi-species toxicity model. Environmental Pollution, 178, 244-253.
  17. Lombi, E., Nowack, B., Baun, A. and McGrath, S.P. (2012) Evidence for effects of manufactured nanomaterials on crops is inconclusive. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109,  E3336-E3336.   DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1214934109 
  18. Freeman J.L., Marcus M.A., Fakra S.C., Devonshire J., McGrath S.P., Quinn C.F. and Pilon-Smits E.A.H. (2012) Selenium hyperaccumulator plants Stanleya pinnata and Astragalus bisulcatus are colonized by se-resistant, Se-excluding wasp and beetle seed herbivores. PLoS ONE 7: e50516. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050516
  19. McGrath S.P., Chambers B.J., Taylor M.J. and Carlton-Smith C.H. (2012) Biofortification of zinc in wheat grain by the application of sewage sludge. Plant and Soil, 361, 97–108. DOI 10.1007/s11104-012-1381-6
  20. Xue Y.F., Yue S.C., Zhang Y.Q., Cui Z.L., Chen X.P., Yang F.C., Cakmak I., McGrath S.P., Zhang F.S. and Zou C.Q. (2012) Grain and shoot zinc accumulation in winter wheat affected by nitrogen management. Plant Soil, 361, 153–163. DOI 10.1007/s11104-012-1510-2
  21. Gooding M.J., Fan M.S., McGrath S.P., Shewry P.R. and Zhao F.J. (2012) Contrasting effects of dwarfing alleles and nitrogen availability on mineral concentrations in wheat grain. Plant and Soil,  360, 93–107. DOI 10.1007/s11104-012-1203-x.
  22. Zhang, X., Uroic, M.K., Xie, W.Y., Zhu, Y.G., Chen, B.D., McGrath, S.P., Feldmann, J. and Zhao, F.J. (2012) Phytochelatins play a key role in arsenic accumulation and tolerance in the aquatic macrophyte Wolffia globosa. Environmental Pollution 165, 18-24.
  23. van Gestel C.A.M., McGrath S.P., Smolders E., Ortiz M.D., Borgman E., Verweij R.A., Buekers J. and Oorts K. (2012) Effect of long-term equilibration on the toxicity of molybdenum to soil organisms. Environmental Pollution, 162, 1-7. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2011.10.013
  24. Liu W.J., Schat H., Bliek M., Chen Y., McGrath S.P., George G., Salt D.E., Zhao F.J. (2012) Knocking out ACR2 does not affect arsenic redox status in Arabidopsis thaliana: implications for as detoxification and accumulation in plants. PLoS One, 7, e42408. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042408
  25. Donner, E., Ryan, C.G, Howard, D.L., Zarcinas, B., Scheckel, K., McGrath, S.P., de Jonge, M.D., Paterson, D., Naidu, R. and Lombi, E. (2012) A multi-technique investigation of copper and zinc distribution, speciation and potential bioavailability in biosolids. Environmental Pollution 166, 57-64. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2012.02.012
  26. Guntzer F., Keller C., Poulton P.R., McGrath S.P. and Meunier J.D. (2012) Long-term removal of wheat straw decreases soil amorphous silica at Broadbalk, Rothamsted. Plant and Soil 352, 173–184. DOI 10.1007/s11104-011-0987-4
  27. Moore K.L., Zhao F.J., Gritsch C., Tosi P., Hawkesford M.J., McGrath S.P., Shewry P.R. and Grovenor  C.R.M. (2012) Localisation of iron in wheat grain using high resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry. Journal of Cereal Science, 55, 183–187. doi:10.1016/j.jcs.2011.11.005
  28. Zhao F.J., Stroud J.L, Khan M. A., McGrath S.P. (2012) Arsenic translocation in rice investigated using radioactive 73As tracer. Plant and Soil, 350, 413–420. DOI 10.1007/s11104-011-0926-4
  29. Stroud J.L., McGrath S.P. and Zhao F.J. (2012) Selenium speciation in soil extracts using LC-ICP-MS International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 92, 2012, 222-236. DOI:10.1080/03067310903111661
  30. Norton G.J., Pinson S., Alexander J., Mckay S., Hansen H., Duan G., Islam M.R., Islam S., Stroud J.L., Zhao F.J., McGrath S.P., Zhu Y.G., Lahner B., Yakubova E., Guerinot M.L., Tarpley L., Eizenga G.C., Salt D.E., Meharg A.A. and Price A.H. (2012) Variation in grain arsenic assessed in a diverse panel of rice (Oryza sativa) grown in multiple sites. New Phytologist, 193, 650–664. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03983.x
  31.  Lomax C., Liu W.J., Wu L., Xue K., Xiong J., Zhou J., McGrath S.P., Meharg A.A., Miller A.J. and Zhao F.J. (2012) Methylated arsenic species in plants originate from soil microorganisms. New Phytologist, 193, 665–672. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03956.x 
  32. Ye W.L., Khan M. A., McGrath S.P.and Zhao F.J. (2011) Phytoremediation of arsenic contaminated paddy soils with Pteris vittata markedly reduces arsenic uptake by rice. Environmental Pollution, 159, 3739-3743. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2011.07.024
  33. Wu Z.C., Ren H., McGrath S.P., Wu P., and Zhao F.J. (2011) Investigating the contribution of the phosphate transport pathway to arsenic accumulation in rice. Plant Physiology, 157, 498–508. www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/doi/10.1104/pp.111.178921
  34. Moore K.L., Schröder M., Wu Z.C., Martin B.G.H., Hawes C.R., McGrath S.P., Hawkesford M.J., Ma J.F., Zhao F.J., Grovenor C.R.M. (2011) High resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry reveals the contrasting subcellular distribution of arsenic and silicon in rice roots. Plant Physiology, 156, 913–924. doi: 10.1104/pp.111.173088
  35. Wang P., Kopittke P.M., De Schamphelaere K.A.C., Zhao F.J., Zhou D.M., Lock K., Ma Y.B., Peijnenburg W.J.G.M. and Steve P. McGrath (2011). Evaluation of an electrostatic toxicity model for predicting Ni2+ toxicity to barley root elongation in hydroponic cultures and in soils. New Phytologist, 192, 414–427. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03806.x
  36. Macdonald C.A., Clark I.M., Hirsch P.R., Zhao F.J., and McGrath S.P. (2011) Development of a real-time PCR assay for detection and quantification of Rhizobium leguminosarum bacteria and discrimination between different biovars in zinc-contaminated soil. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 77, 4626–4633. doi:10.1128/AEM.02232-10
  37. Stroud J.L., Khan M.A., Norton G., Islam M.R., Dasgupta T., Zhu Y.G., Price A.H., Meharg A.A., McGrath S.P., Zhao F.J. (2011) Assessing the labile arsenic pool in contaminated paddy soils by isotopic dilution techniques and simple extractions. Environmental Science and Technology, 45, 4262-4269. 10.1021/es104080s
  38. Macdonald C. A., Clark I.M., Zhao F.J., Hirsch P.R., Singh B.K., McGrath S.P. (2011) Long-term impacts of zinc and copper enriched sewage sludge additions on bacterial, archaeal and fungal communities in arable and grassland soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43, 932-941. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.01.004
  39. Hart D.J., Fairweather-Tait S.J., Broadley M.R., Dickinson S.J., Foot I., Knott P., McGrath S.P., Mowat H., Norman K., Scott P.R., Stroud J.L., Tucker M., White P.J., Zhao F.J., Hurst R. (2011) Selenium concentration and speciation in biofortified flour and bread: Retention of selenium during grain biofortification, processing and production of Se-enriched food. Food Chemistry, 126, 1771–1778. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.12.079
  40. Stroud J.L., Norton G.J., Islam M.R., Dasgupta T., White R.P. Price A.H., Meharg A.A., McGrath S.P., Zhao F.J. (2011) The dynamics of arsenic in four paddy fields in the Bengal delta. Environmental Pollution 159: 947-953. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2010.12.016
  41. Li H.F., Lombi E., Stroud J.L. McGrath S.P. and Zhao F.J. (2010) Selenium speciation in soil and rice: Influence of water management and Se fertilization. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58, 11837–11843. DOI:10.1021/jf1026185
  42. Norton G.J., Dasgupta T., Islam M.R., Islam S., Zhao F.J., Stroud J.L., McGrath S.P., Feldmann J., Price A.H. and Meharg A.A. (2010) Arsenic influence on genetic  variation in trace-element nutrient content in Bengal Delta grown rice. Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 8284–8288. 10.1021/es101487x
  43. Ye W.L., Wood B.A., Stroud J.L., Andralojc P.J., Raab A., McGrath S.P., Feldmann J. and Zhao F.J. (2010) Arsenic speciation in phloem and xylem exudates of castor bean. Plant Physiology, 154, 1505–1513. doi/10.1104/pp.110.163261.
  44. Khan M. A., Stroud J.L., Zhu Y.G., McGrath S.P. and Zhao F.J. 2010. Arsenic bioavailability to rice is elevated in Bangladeshi paddy soils. Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 8515–8521. 10.1021/es101952f
  45. McGrath S.P., Micó C., Curdy R., and Zhao F.J. (2010) Predicting molybdenum toxicity to higher plants: Influence of soil properties. Environmental Pollution, 158, 3095-3102.  doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2010.06.027
  46. McGrath S.P., Micó C., Zhao F.J., Stroud J.L., Zhang H., and Fozard S. (2010) Predicting molybdenum toxicity to higher plants: Estimation of toxicity threshold values. Environmental Pollution, 158, 3085-3094. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2010.06.030
  47. Zhao F.J., Stroud J.L., Eagling T., Dunham S.J., McGrath S.P., Shewry P.R. (2010) The accumulation, distribution and speciation of arsenic in wheat grain. Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 5464-5468. doi:10.1021/es100765g
  48. Freeman J.L., Tamaoki M., Stushnoff C., Quinn C.F., Cappa J.J., Devonshire J., Fakra S.C., Marcus M.A., McGrath S.P., Van Hoewyk D., and Pilon-Smits E.A.H. (2010) Molecular mechanisms of selenium tolerance and hyperaccumulation in Stanleya pinnata. Plant Physiology, 153, 1630–1652. www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/doi/10.1104/pp.110.156570
  49. Stroud  J. L., Li  H. F., Lopez-Bellido  F. J., Broadley  M. R., Foot  I., Fairweather-Tait  S. J., Hart  D. J., Hurst  R., Knott  P., Mowat  H., Norman K., Scott  P., Tucker  M., White P. J., McGrath S. P. and Zhao F.J. (2010) Impact of sulphur fertilisation on crop response to selenium fertilisation.  Plant and Soil, 332, 31-40. DOI 10.1007/s11104-009-0230-8
  50. Stroud J. L., Broadley M. R., Foot  I. Fairweather-Tait S. J., Hart D. J., Hurst  R., Knott  P., Mowat  H., Norman  K., Scott  P., Tucker  M., White P. J., McGrath S. P., and Zhao F. J. (2010)  Soil factors affecting selenium concentration in wheat grain and the fate and speciation of Se fertilisers applied to soil. Plant and Soil, 332, 19-30. DOI 10.1007/s11104-009-0229-1
  51. Broadley  M.R., Alcock J., Alford J., Cartwright  P., Foot I., Fairweather-Tait S.J., Hart  D.J., Hurst R., Knott P., McGrath S.P., Meacham  M.C., Norman  K., Mowat H., Scott P., Stroud  J.L., Tovey  M., Tucker M., White  P.J., Young  S.D. and Zhao F.J. (2010) Selenium biofortification of high-yielding winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by liquid or granular Se fertilisation. Plant and Soil, 332, 5-18. DOI 10.1007/s11104-009-0234-4
  52. Macdonald C., Yang X.Y, Clark I., Zhao F.J., Hirsch P.R., McGrath S.P. (2010) Relative impact of soil, metal source and metal concentration on bacterial community structure and community tolerance. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42, 1408-1417. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.05.002
  53. Stroud J.L., Zhao F.J., Buchner P., Shinmachi F., McGrath S.P., Abecassis J., Hawkesford M.J., and Shewry P.R. (2010). Impacts of sulphur nutrition on selenium and molybdenum concentrations in wheat grain. Journal of Cereal Science, 52, 111-113. doi:10.1016/j.jcs.2010.03.011
  54. Shinmachi F., Buchner P., Stroud J.L. Parmar S., Zhao F.J., McGrath S.P., and Hawkesford M.J. (2010) Influence of sulfur deficiency on the expression of specific sulfate transporters and the distribution of sulfur, selenium, and molybdenum in wheat. Plant Physiology, 153, 327–336. www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/doi/10.1104/pp.110.153759
  55. Liu W.J., Wood B. A., Raab A., McGrath S.P., Zhao F.J., Feldmann J. (2010) Complexation of arsenite with phytochelatins reduces arsenite efflux and translocation from roots to shoots in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiology, 152, 2211–2221. doi/10.1104/pp.109.150862
  56. Zhao F.J., Ago Y., Mitani N., Li R.Y., Su Y.H., Yamaji N., McGrath S. P. and Ma J. F. (2010) The role of the rice aquaporin Lsi1 in arsenite efflux from roots. New Phytologist, 186: 392–399. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03192.x
  57. Su Y.H., McGrath S.P. and Zhao F.J. (2010) Rice is more efficient in arsenite uptake and translocation than wheat and barley. Plant and Soil, 328, 27–34. doi: 10.1007/s11104-009-0074-2.
  58. Norton G. J., Islam M. R., Duan G., Lei M., Zhu Y.G., Deacon C.M., Moran A.C., Islam S., Zhao F.J., Stroud J.L., McGrath S.P., Feldmann J., Price A.H. and Meharg A.A. (2010) Arsenic shoot - grain relationships in field grown rice cultivars. Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 1471–1477. doi: 10.1021/es902992d
  59. Zhao F.J. McGrath S.P. and Meharg A.A. (2010) Arsenic as a food chain contaminant: Mechanisms of plant uptake and metabolism and mitigation strategies. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 61:535–59. doi:10.1146/annurev-arplant-042809-112152
  60. Moore K.L., Schröder M., Lombi E., Zhao F.J., McGrath S.P., Hawkesford M.J., Shewry P.R., Grovenor C.R.M. (2010)  NanoSIMS analysis of arsenic and selenium in cereal grain. New Phytologist, 185: 434–445. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.03071.x
  61. Norton G.J.,  Duan G., Dasgupta T., Islam M.R., Ming L., Zhu Y.G., Deacon, C.M. Moran, A.C., Ilsam, S., Zhao, F.J., Stroud, J.L., McGrath, S.P., Feldmann, J., Price, A.H. and Meharg, A.A.  (2009) Environmental and genetic control of arsenic accumulation and speciation in rice grain: comparing a range of common cultivars grown in contaminated sites across Bangladesh, China, and India. Environmental Science and Technology, 43, 8381–8386. doi: 10.1021/es901844q
  62. Giller K. E., Witter E. and McGrath S.P. (2009) Heavy metals and soil microbes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 41, 2031–2037. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.04.026
  63. Li R.Y., Ago K., Liu W.J., Mitani N., Feldmann J., McGrath S.P., Ma J.F. and Zhao F.J. (2009) The rice aquaporin Lsi1 mediates uptake of methylated arsenic species. Plant Physiology, 150, 2071-2080. doi:10.1104/pp.109.140350
  64. Norton, G. J., M. Islam, M.R., Deacon, C.M., Zhao, F.J., Stroud, J.L., McGrath, S.P., Islam, S., Jahiruddin, M., Feldmann, J., Price, A.H. and Meharg, A.A. (2009) Identification of low inorganic and total grain arsenic rice cultivars from Bangladesh. Environmental Science and Technology, 43, 6070–6075. doi/10.1021/es901121j
  65. Smolders, E., Oorts, K., Van Sprang, P., Schoeters, I., Janssen, C.R., McGrath, S.P., McLaughlin, M.J. (2009) The toxicity of trace metals in soil as affected by soil type and ageing after contamination: using calibrated bioavailability models to set ecological soil standards. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 28, 1633–1642. doi:10.1897/08-592.1
  66. Zhao F.J. and McGrath S.P. (2009) Biofortification and phytoremediation. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 12, 373–380. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2009.04.005.
  67. Logoteta B., Xu X.Y., Macnair M.R., McGrath S.P. and Zhao F.J. (2009) Arsenite efflux is not enhanced in the arsenate-tolerant phenotype of Holcus lanatus. New Phytologist, 183, 340–348. doi 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02841.x
  68. Zhao F. J., Su Y. H., Dunham S. J., Rakszegi M., Bedo Z., McGrath S. P., and Shewry P. R. (2009) Variation in mineral micronutrient concentrations in grain of wheat lines of diverse origin. Journal of Cereal Science, 49, 290–295. doi:10.1016/j.jcs.2008.11.007
  69. Li R.Y., Stroud J.L., Ma J.F., McGrath S.P. and Zhao F.J. (2009) Mitigation of arsenic accumulation in rice with water management and silicon fertilization. Environmental Science and Technology, 43, 3778–3783. doi/10.1021/es803643v.
  70. Zhao, F.J.,  Ma, J.F., Meharg, A.A. and McGrath, S.P. (2009) Arsenic uptake and metabolism in plants.New Phytologist, 181,777-794. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02716.x
  71. Xie, H.L., Jiang, R.F., Zhang, F.S., McGrath, S.P., and Zhao, F.J. (2009) Effect of nitrogen form on the rhizosphere dynamics and uptake of cadmium and zinc by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens . Plant and Soil, 318, 205–215. doi:10.1007/s11104-008-9830-y
  72. Shelmerdine P.A., Black C.R., McGrath S.P., and Young S.D. (2009) Modelling phytoremediation by the hyperaccumulating fern, Pteris vittata, of soils historically contaminated with arsenic. Environmental Pollution 157, 1589–1596. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2008.12.029    
  73. Li H.F., Gray C., Mic C., Zhao F.J., and McGrath S.P. (2009) Phytotoxicity and bioavailability of cobalt to plants in a range of soils. Chemosphere, 75, 979-986.   doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.12.068 
  74. Su Y. H., McGrath S. P., Zhu Y. G. and Zhao F. J. (2008) Highly efficient xylem transport of arsenite in the arsenic hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata. New Phytologist 180, 434–441.   doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02584.x
  75. Fan M.S., Zhao F.J., Fairweather-Tait S.J., Poulton P.R., Dunham S.J. and McGrath S.P. (2008) Evidence of decreasing mineral density in wheat grain over the last 160 years. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 22, 315–324. doi:10.1016/j.jtemb.2008.07.002   
  76. Redshaw, C.H. Cooke, M.P. Talbot, H.M., McGrath S.P., Rowland S.J. (2008)  Low biodegradability of fluoxetine HCl, diazepam and their human metabolites in sewage sludge-amended soil. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 8, 217-230. doi.org/10.1007/s11368-008-0024-2
  77. Micó C., Li H., Zhao F.J. and McGrath S.P. (2008) Use of Co speciation and soil properties to explain variation in Co toxicity to root growth of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in different soils. Environmental Pollution, 156, 883–890. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2008.05.017  
  78. Chadi H. S., Courchesne F., Hendershot W.H., McGrath S.P., Chaudri A.M., Sappin-Didier V. and Sauvé S. (2008). Speciation of zinc in contaminated soils.  Environmental Pollution, 155, 208-216. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2008.05.017  
  79. Ma, J.F., Yamaji N., Mitani N., Xu X.Y., Su Y.H., McGrath S.P. and Zhao F.J. (2008) Transporters of arsenite in rice and their role in arsenic accumulation in rice grain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 9931–9935. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0802361105
  80. Xu, X., McGrath, S.P., Meharg, A., and Zhao, F.J. (2008) Growing rice aerobically markedly decreases arsenic accumulation. Environmental Science and Technology, 42, 5574–5579. doi: 10.1021/es800324u
  81. Chaudri A.M., McGrath S.P., Gibbs P., Chambers B.C., Carlton-Smith C., Bacon J., Campbell C. and Aitken A. (2008) Population size of indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in long-term field experiments with sewage sludge cake, metal-amended liquid sludge or metal salts: Effects of zinc, copper and cadmium. Soil Biology and Biochemistry.  40, 1670–1680. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.01.026    
  82. Lehmann J., Solomon D., Zhao F.J. and McGrath S.P. (2008) Atmospheric SO2 Emissions since the late 1800s change organic sulfur forms in humic substance extracts of soils. Environmental Science and Technology, 42, 3550–3555. doi: 10.1021/es702315g
  83. Li H.F., McGrath S.P. and Zhao F.J. (2008) Selenium uptake, translocation and speciation in wheat supplied with selenate or selenite. New Phytologist, 178, 92-102.  doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02343.x
  84. Xing J. P., Jiang R. F., Ueno D., Ma J. F., Schat H., McGrath S. P. and Zhao F. J.  (2008) Variation in the root-to-shoot translocation of cadmium and zinc among different accessions of the hyperaccumulators Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi praecox. New Phytologist, 178, 315-325.  doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02376.x
  85. Liu M.Q., Yanai J., Jiang R.F., Zhang F., McGrath S.P. and Zhao F.J. (2008) Does cadmium play a physiological role in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescensChemosphere 71, 1276–1283. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.11.063 
  86. Fan M. S., Zhao F.J., Poulton P.R., McGrath S.P. (2008) Historical changes in the concentrations of selenium in soil and wheat grain from the Broadbalk experiment over the last 160 years. Science of the Total Environment, 389, 532–538. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.08.024 
  87. Xu X. Y., McGrath S. P. and Zhao F. J. (2007) Rapid reduction of arsenate in the medium mediated by plant roots. New Phytologist, 176, 590–599.  doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02195.x
  88. Maxted A.P., Black C.R., West H.M., Crout N.M.J., McGrath S.P and, Young S.D. (2007) Phytoextraction of cadmium and zinc from arable soils amended with sewage sludge using Thlaspi caerulescens: Development of a predictive model. Environmental Pollution, 150, 363-372. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2007.01.021    
  89. Plaza S., Tearall K.L., Zhao F.J., Buchner P., McGrath S.P. and Hawkesford M.J. (2007) Expression and functional analysis of metal transporter genes in two contrasting ecotypes of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Journal of Experimental Botany, 58, 1717–1728. doi:10.1093/jxb/erm025
  90. Zhao F.J., McGrath S.P. and Merrington G. (2007) Estimates of ambient background concentrations of trace metals in soils for risk assessment. Environmental Pollution 148, 221-229. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2006.10.041    
  91. Maxted A.P., Black C.R., West H.M., Crout N.M.J., McGrath S.P. and Young S.D. (2007) Phytoextraction of cadmium and zinc by Salix from soil historically amended with sewage sludge. Plant and Soil 290, 157–172. doi:10.1007/s11104-006-9149-5
  92. Zhao, F.J., Lopez-Bellido, F.J., Gray C.W., Whalley, W. R., Clark, L.J. and McGrath, S.P. (2007) Effects of soil compaction and irrigation on the concentrations of selenium and arsenic in wheat grains. Science of the Total Environment 372, 433–439. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.09.028   
  93. Chaudri A.M., McGrath S.P., Gibbs P.A., Chambers B.J., Carlton-Smith C.H., Godley A., Bacon J.R., Campbell C.D. and Aitken M.N. (2007) Cadmium availability to wheat grain in soils treated with sewage sludge or metal salts. Chemosphere 66, 1415–1423. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.09.068 
  94. Rooney, C.P. Zhao, F.J. and McGrath, S.P. (2007) Phytotoxicity of nickel in a range of European soils: influence of soil properties, Ni solubility and speciation. Environmental Pollution, 145, 596-605. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2006.04.008    
  95. Freeman J.L., Zhang L. H., Marcus M.A., Fakra S., McGrath S.P., Pilon-Smits  E.A.H. (2006) Spatial imaging, speciation and quantification of selenium in the hyperaccumulator plants Astragalus bisulcatus and Stanleya pinnata. Plant Physiology, 142, 124–134. doi:10.1104/pp.106.081158
  96. Thakali S., Allen H. E., Di Toro D.M., Ponizovsky A.A., Rooney C.P., Zhao F.J. and McGrath S. P. (2006) A Terrestrial Biotic Ligand Model. 1. Development and application to Cu and Ni toxicities to barley root elongation in soils. Environmental Science and Technology, 40, 7085-7093. doi: 10.1021/es061171s
  97. Thakali S., Allen H. E., Di Toro D.M., Ponizovsky A.A., Rooney C.P., Zhao F.J., McGrath S. P., Criel P., Van Eckout H., Janssen C., Oorts K., and Smolders E. (2006) Terrestrial Biotic Ligand Model. 2. Application to Ni and Cu toxicities to plants, invertebrates, and microbes in soil. Environmental Science and Technology, 40, 7094-7100. doi: 10.1021/es061173c
  98. Zhao F. J., Jiang R. F., Dunham S. J. and McGrath S. P. (2006) Cadmium uptake, translocation and tolerance in the hyperaccumulator Arabidopsis halleri. New Phytologist, 172, 646–654. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2006.01867.x
 

100.Hernández-Allica J., Garbisu C., Becerril J. M., Barrutia O., García-Plazaola J. I., Zhao F. J.,  and S. P. McGrath, S.P. (2006) Synthesis of low molecular weight thiols in response to Cd exposure in Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant, Cell and Environment, 29, 1422-1429. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2006.01525.x

101.Song, J., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P. and Luo Y.M. (2006) Influence of soil properties and ageing on arsenic phytotoxicity.  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25,1663-1670. doi: 10.1897/05-480R2

102. M.R., White P.J., Bryson R.J., Meacham M.C., Bowen H.C., Johnson S.E., Hawkesford M.J., McGrath S.P., Zhao F.J., Breward N., Harriman M. and Tucker M. (2006) Biofortification of UK food crops with selenium. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 65, 169-181. doi: 10.1079/PNS2006490

103.Gibbs, P.A., Chambers, B.J., Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P., Carlton-Smith, C.H. (2006) Initial results from long-term field studies at three sites on the effects of heavy metal-amended liquid sludges on soil microbial activity.   Soil Use and Management, 22,180-187.  doi:10.1111/j.1475-2743.2006.00009.x

104.Gray, C.W., Dunham, S.J., Dennis, P.G., Zhao, F.J., and McGrath, S.P. (2006). Field evaluation of in situ remediation of a heavy metal contaminated soil using lime and red-mud. Environmental Pollution, 142,530-539. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2005.10.017    

105.Zhao F.J., Lehmann J., Solomon D., Fox M.A. and McGrath S.P. (2006) Sulphur speciation and turnover in soils: evidence from sulphur K-edge XANES spectroscopy and isotope dilution studies. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38, 1000-1007. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.01.026    

106.Zhao F.J., Fortune S., Barbosa V.L., McGrath S.P., Stobart R., Bilsborrow P.E., Booth E.J., Brown A., Robson P. (2006) Effects of sulphur on yield and malting quality of barley. Journal of Cereal Science, 43, 369-377. doi:10.1016/j.jcs.2005.12.003  

107.McGrath, S.P., Lombi, E., Gray, C.W., Caille, N., Dunham, S.J and Zhao, F.J. (2006). Field evaluation of Cd and Zn phytoextraction by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens and Arabidopsis halleri. Environmental Pollution, 141, 115-125. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2005.08.022    

108.Gibbs P. A., Chambers B. J., Chaudri A. M., McGrath S. P., Carlton-Smith C. H., Bacon, J. R., Campbell C. D. and Aitken M. N. (2006) Initial results from a long-term, multi-site field study of the effects on soil fertility and microbial activity of sludge cakes containing heavy metals. Soil Use and Management, 22, 11-21. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-2743.2006.00003.x

109.Crout N.M.J., Tye A.M., Zhang H., McGrath S.P., and Young S.D.  (2006) Kinetics of metal fixation in soils: measurement and modelling by isotopic dilution. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25, 659-663. doi: 10.1897/05-069R

110.Rooney C.P., Zhao F.J. and McGrath   S.P. (2006) Soil factors controlling the expression of copper toxicity to plants in a wide range of European soils. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25, 726-732. doi: 10.1897/04-602R

111.Zhao F.J., Rooney C. P., Zhang H. and McGrath S.P. (2006) Comparison of soil solution speciation and DGT measurement as an indicator of copper bioavailability to plants. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25, 733-742. doi: 10.1897/04-603R

112.Yanai J., Zhao F.J., McGrath S.P., and Kosaki T. (2006) Effect of soil characteristics on Cd uptake by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Environmental Pollution, 139, 167-175. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2005.03.013  

113.Johnson D.L., Anderson D.R. and McGrath S.P. (2005) Soil microbial response during the phytoremediation of a PAH contaminated soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 37, 2334-2336. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.01.026    

114.Ueno D., Ma J.F., Iwashita, T., Zhao F.J., and McGrath, S.P. (2005) Identification of the form of Cd in the leaves of a superior Cd-accumulating ecotype of Thlaspi caerulescens using 113Cd-NMR. Planta,  221, 928-936. doi:10.1007/s00425-005-1491-y

115.Jiang R.F., Ma D.Y., Zhao F.J. and McGrath S.P.  (2005) Cadmium hyperaccumulation protects Thlaspi caerulescens from leaf feeding damage by thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis). New Phytologist, 167, 805-814. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01452.x

116.Brown S., Christensen B., Lombi E., McLaughlin M., McGrath S., Colpaert J., and Vangronsveld J. (2005) An inter-laboratory study to test the ability of amendments to reduce the availability of Cd, Pb, and Zn in situ.  Environmental Pollution, 138, 34-45. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2005.03.013  

117.Tandy S., Barbosa V.L., Tye A., Preston S., Paton G. I.,  Zhang, H. and McGrath S.P. (2005) Comparison of different microbial bioassays to assess metal contaminated soils. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 24, 530-536. doi: 10.1897/04-197R.

118.Ma J.F., Ueno D., Zhao F. J., and McGrath S.P. (2005) Subcellular localization of Cd and Zn in the leaves of a Cd-hyperaccumulating ecotype of Thlaspi caerulescens. Planta, 220, 731-736. doi:10.1007/s11104-004-0229-0

119.Hough R. L., Tye A. M., Crout N. M. J., McGrath S.P., Zhang H. and Young S. D. (2005) Evaluating a 'Free Ion Activity Model' applied to metal uptake by Lolium perenne L. grown in contaminated soils. Plant and Soil, 270, 1-12. doi:10.1007/s11104-004-1658-5

120.Hu Z.Y., Zhao F. J. and McGrath S. P. (2005) Sulphur fractionation in calcareous soils and bioavailability to plants. Plant and Soil, 268, 103-109. doi: 10.1007/s11104-004-0229-0

121.Caille N., Zhao F. J. and McGrath S. P. (2005) Comparison of root absorption, translocation and tolerance of arsenic in the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata and the nonhyperaccumulator Pteris tremula. New Phytologist, 165, 755-761. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01239.x

122.Davis M.R.H., Zhao F.J., and McGrath S.P. (2004) Pollution-induced community tolerance of soil microbes in response to a zinc gradient. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 23, 2665-2672. doi: 10.1897/03-645

123.Zhang H., Lombi E., Smolders E., McGrath S.P. (2004) Kinetics of Zn release in soils and prediction of Zn concentration in plants using diffusive gradients in thin films. Environmental Science and Technology 38, 3608-3613. doi: 10.1021/es0352597

124.Tye A.M., Young S.D., Crout N.M.J., Zhang H., Preston S., Zhao, F.J, and McGrath S.P. (2004) Speciation and solubility of Cu, Ni and Pb in contaminated soils. European Journal of Soil Science, 55, 579-590. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2389.2004.00627.x

125.Caille N., Swanwick S., Zhao F. J. and McGrath S. P. (2004) Arsenic hyperaccumulation by Pteris vittata from arsenic contaminated soils and the effect of liming and phosphate fertilisation. Environmental Pollution, 132, 113-120. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2004.03.018    

126.Zhao F. J., Adams M. L., Dumont C., McGrath S. P., Chaudri A.M., Nicholson F. A., Chambers B. J., and Sinclair A. H. (2004) Factors affecting the concentrations of lead in British wheat and barley grain. Environmental Pollution 131, 461-468. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2004.02.011 

127.Lombi, E., Hamon, R.E., Wieshammer, G., McLaughlin, M.J. and McGrath, S.P. (2004) Assessment of the use of industrial by-products to remediate a copper/arsenic contaminated soil. Journal of Environmental Quality, 33, 902-910.

128.Zha H.G., Jiang R.F., Zhao F.J., Vooijs R., Schat H., Barker J.H.A. and McGrath S.P. (2004) Co-segregation analysis of cadmium and zinc accumulation in Thlaspi caerulescens interecotypic crosses. New Phytologist, 163, 299-312. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01113.x

129.Fox, M.A., Zhao, F.J. and McGrath S.P. (2004) A new method for the determination of the 34S/32S ratio of water-soluble sulphur in soil. International Journal of Environmental and Analytical Chemistry, 84, 323-329. doi: 10.1080/03067310410001679994

130.Adams M.L., Zhao F.J., McGrath S.P., Nicholson F.A., and Chambers B.J. (2004) Predicting cadmium concentrations in wheat and barley grain using soil properties. Journal of Environmental Quality, 33, 532-541.

131.Song, J., Zhao, F.J., Luo, Y.M., McGrath, S.P. and Zhang, H. (2004) Copper uptake by Elsholtzia splendens and Silene vulgaris and assessment of copper phytoavailability in contaminated soils. Environmental Pollution, 128, 307-315. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2003.09.019  

132.Johnson D.L., Maguire K.L., Anderson, D.R. and McGrath, S.P. (2004) Enhanced dissipation of chrysene in planted soil: the impact of a rhizobial inoculum. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 36, 33-38. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.01.026    

133.Carr H.P., Lombi E., Küpper H., McGrath S.P. and Wong M.H. (2003) Accumulation and distribution of aluminium and other elements in tea (Camellia sinensis) leaves. Agronomie, 23, 705-710. doi: 10.1051/agro:2003045

134.Zhao, F.J. Lombi, E. and McGrath, S.P. (2003) Assessing the potential for zinc and cadmium phytoremediation with the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescensPlant and Soil, 249, 37-43. doi:10.1023/A:1022530217289

135.Smolders, E., McGrath, S.P., Lombi, E., Karman, C.C., Bernhard, R., Cools, D., Van den Brande, K., van Os, B. and Walrave, N. (2003) Comparison of toxicity of zinc for soil microbial processes between laboratory contaminated and polluted field soils. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 22, 2592-2598. doi: 10.1897/02-503

136.Lombi E., Hamon R.E., McGrath S.P., and McLaughlin M. J. (2003) Lability of Cd, Cu, and Zn in polluted soils treated with lime, beringite, and red mud and identification of a non-labile colloidal fraction of metals using isotopic techniques. Environmental Science and Technology, 37, 979-984. doi:10.1021/es026083w

137.McGrath, S.P. and Zhao, F.J. (2003) Phytoextraction of metals and metalloids from contaminated soils. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 14, 277-282. doi:10.1016/S0958-1669(03)00060-0  

138.Zhao F. J., Wang J. R., Barker J. H. A., Schat H., Bleeker P. M. and McGrath S. P. (2003) The role of phytochelatins in arsenic tolerance in the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata. New Phytologist, 159, 403-410. doi:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00784.x

139.Adams M. L., Chaudri, A.M., Rousseau, I, McGrath, S.P. (2003) A practical evaluation of microwave and conventional wet digestion techniques for the determination of Cd, Cu and Zn in wheat grain. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 83, 307-314. doi: 10.1080/0306731031000083988

140.Robinson B. H., Lombi E., Zhao F. J. and McGrath S. P. (2003) Uptake and distribution of nickel and other metals in the hyperaccumulator Berkheya coddii. New Phytologist, 158, 279-285. doi:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00743.x

141.Castro I. V., Ferreira E. M. and McGrath S. P. (2003) Survival and plasmid stability of rhizobia introduced into a contaminated soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 35, 49-54. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.01.026    

142.Tye A.M., Young S.D., Crout N.M.J., Zhang H., Preston S., Barbosa-Jefferson V.L., Davison W., McGrath S.P., Paton G.I., Kilham K. and Resende L. (2003) Predicting the activity of Cd2+ and Zn2+ in soil pore water from the radio-labile metal fraction. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67, 375-385. doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(02)01138-9    

143.Zhao, F.J., Knights, J.S., Hu, Z.Y. and McGrath, S.P. (2003) Stable sulfur isotope ratio indicates long-term changes in sulfur deposition in the Broadbalk experiment since 1845. Journal of Environmental Quality, 32, 33-39.

144.Gove, B., Hutchinson, J.J., Young, S.D. and S.P. McGrath. (2002). Uptake of metals by plants sharing a rhizosphere with the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescensInternational Journal of Phytoremediation, 4, 267-281. doi: 10.1080/15226510208500087

145.Wang J., Zhao F.J., Meharg A.A., Raab A., Feldmann J. and McGrath S.P. (2002) Mechanisms of arsenic hyperaccumulation in Pteris vittata: Uptake kinetics, interactions with phosphate, and arsenic speciation. Plant Physiology, 130, 1552-1561. doi:10.1104/pp.008185

 

147.Georgieva, S. S., McGrath, S. P., Hooper, D. J. and Chambers, B. S. (2002). Nematode communities under stress: the long-term effects of heavy metals in soil treated with sewage sludge.  Applied Soil Ecology, 20, 27-42. doi:10.1016/S0929-1393(02)00005-7    

148.Keller, C., McGrath, S. P. and Dunham S. J. (2002) Trace metal leaching through a soil-grassland system after sewage sludge application.  Journal of Environmental Quality, 31, 1550-1560.

149.Zhao, F.J. Hamon, R.E. Lombi, E. McLaughlin, M.J. and McGrath, S.P. (2002) Characteristics of cadmium uptake in two contrasting ecotypes of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescensJournal of Experimental Botany, 53, 535-543.

150.Adams M.L., Lombi E., Zhao F.J. and McGrath S.P. (2002) Evidence of low selenium concentrations in U.K. breadmaking wheat grain. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 82, 1160-1165. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.1167

151.Lombi E., Zhao F. J., Fuhrmann, M., Ma, L.Q. and McGrath S. P. (2002) Arsenic distribution and speciation in the fronds of the hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata. New Phytologist, 156, 195-203. doi:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2002.00512.x

152.Zhao F. J., Dunham S. J. and McGrath S. P. (2002) Arsenic hyperaccumulation by different fern species. New Phytologist, 156, 27-31. doi:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2002.00493.x

153.Riley, N.L., Zhao, F.J. and McGrath, S.P. (2002) Leaching of sulphur from different sulphur fertilisers: A lysimeter study. Soil Use and Management, 18, 120-126. doi:10.1111/j.1475-2743.2002.tb00229.x

154.Lombi, E., Tearall, K.L., Howarth, J.R. Zhao, F.J., Hawkesford, M.J. and McGrath, S.P. (2002) Influence of iron status on cadmium and zinc uptake by different ecotypes of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant Physiology, 128, 1359-1367.  doi:10.1104/pp.010731

 

156.Lombi E., Zhao F.J., Zhang G., Sun B., Fitz W., Zhang H., McGrath S.P. (2002) In situ fixation of metals in soils using bauxite residue: chemical assessment. Environmental Pollution, 118, 435-443. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(01)00294-9    

157.Lombi E., Zhao F , Wieshammer, G., Zhang G., McGrath S.P. (2002) In situ fixation of metals in soils using bauxite residue: biological assessment. Environmental Pollution, 118, 445-452. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(01)00295-0    

158.Tye A.M., Young S.D., Crout N.M.J., Zhang H., Preston S., Bailey E. H., Davison W., McGrath S.P., Paton G.I. and Killham K. (2002) Predicting arsenic solubility in contaminated soils using isotopic dilution techniques. Environmental Science and Technology, 36, 982-988. doi:10.1021/es0101633

159.McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F. J. and Lombi, E. (2002) Phytoremediation of metals, metalloids and radionuclides. Advances in Agronomy, 75, 1-56.

160.Badawy, S.H., Helal, M.I.D., Chaudri, A.M., Lawlor, K. and McGrath S.P. (2002) Soil solid-phase controls lead activity in soil solution. Journal of Environmental Quality, 31, 162-167.

161.Whiting S.N., Leake J.R., McGrath S.P., and Baker, A.J.M. (2001) Hyperaccumulation of Zn by Thlaspi caerulescens can ameliorate Zn toxicity in the rhizosphere of co-cropped Thlaspi arvense. Environmental Science and Technology, 35, 3237-3241. doi: 10.1021/es010644m

162.Whiting S.N., Leake J.R., McGrath, S.P. and Baker A.J.M. (2001) Assessment of Zn mobilization in the rhizosphere of Thlaspi caerulescens by bioassay with non-accumulator plants and soil extraction.  Plant and Soil, 237, 147-156. doi:10.1023/A:1013365617841

163.Lombi E., Zhao F. J., Dunham S.J., and McGrath S.P. (2001) Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils: natural hyperaccumulation versus chemically-enhanced phytoextraction. Journal of Environmental Quality, 30, 1919-1926.

164.Hall, J.R., Reynolds, B., Sparks, T., Colgan, A., Thornton, I. and McGrath, S.P. (2001) The relationship between topsoil and stream sediment heavy metal concentrations and acidification. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 130, 1067-1072. doi:10.1023/A:1013986529633

165.Gillett, A. G., Crout, N. M. J., Absalom, J. P., Wright, S. M., Young, S. D., Howard, B. J., Barnett, C. L., McGrath, S. P., Beresford, N. A., Voigt, G. (2001). Temporal and spatial prediction of radiocaesium transfer to food products. Radiation and Environmental Biophysics, 40, 227-235. doi:10.1007/s004110100107

166.Küpper, H., Lombi, E., Zhao, F.J. Wieshammer, G. and McGrath, S.P. (2001) Cellular compartmentation of nickel in the hyperaccumulators Alyssum lesbiacum, Alyssum bertolonii and Thlaspi goesingense. Journal of Experimental Botany, 52, 2291-2300.

167.McGrath, S. P., Zhao, F. J. and Lombi, E. (2001) Plant and rhizosphere processes involved in phytoremediation of metal-contaminated soils. Plant and Soil, 232, 207-214. doi:10.1023/A:1010358708525

168.Whiting S.N., Leake J.R., McGrath S.P. and Baker A.J.M. (2001) Zinc accumulation by Thlaspi caerulescens from soils with different Zn availability: a pot study Plant and Soil. 236, 11-18. doi:10.1023/A:1011950210261

169.Chaudri, A.M., Allain, C.M.G, Badawy, S.H., Adams M.L., McGrath S.P. and Chambers B.J. (2001) Cadmium content of wheat grain from a long-term field experiment with sewage sludge. Journal of Environmental Quality, 30, 1575-1580.

170.Zhao, F.J, Verkampen, K.C.J., Birdsey, M., Blake-Kalff, M.M.A. and McGrath, S.P. (2001). Use of the enriched stable isotope 34S to study sulphur uptake and distribution in wheat. Journal of Plant Nutrition 24, 1551-1560. doi: 10.1081/PLN-100106020

171.Adams, M.L., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P., Nicholson, F.A. and Sinclair, A.H. (2001)  Trace elements in UK wheat: from selenium deficiency to heavy metal contamination by cadmium and lead.  Aspects of Applied Biology, 64, 209-216.

172.Hale, K.L., McGrath, S.P., Lombi, E., Stack, S.M., Terry, N., Pickering, I.J., George, G.N. and Pilon-Smits, E.A.H. (2001) Molybdenum sequestration in Brassica species. A role for anthocyanins? Plant Physiology, 126, 1391-1402.

173.Knights, J.S., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P. and Magan, N. (2001). Long-term effects of land use and fertiliser treatments on sulphur transformation in the soils from the Broadbalk experiment. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 33, 1797-1804. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.01.026    

174.Zhao, F.J., Spiro, B. and McGrath, S.P. (2001). Trends in 13C/12C ratios and C isotope discrimination of wheat since 1845. Oecologia, 128, 336-342. doi:10.1007/s004420100663

175.Crosland, A.R., Zhao, F. J. and McGrath, S. P. (2001). Inter-laboratory comparison of sulphur and nitrogen analysis in plants and soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 32, 685-695. doi: 10.1081/CSS-100103901

176.Zhang, H., Zhao, F.J., Sun, B., Davison, W., and McGrath S.P. (2001) A new method to measure effective soil solution concentration predicts copper availability to plants. Environmental Science and Technology, 35, 2602-2607.  doi: 10.1021/es000268q

177.Sun B., Zhao F.J., Lombi E., McGrath S.P. (2001) Leaching of heavy metals from contaminated soils using EDTA. Environmental Pollution, 113, 111-120. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(00)00176-7   

178.Blake-Kalff, M.M.A., Zhao, F.J., Hawkesford, M.J. and McGrath, S.P. (2001) Using plant analysis to predict yield losses caused by sulphur deficiency.  Annals of Applied Biology, 138, 123-127. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2001.tb00093.x

179.Lombi, E., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P., Young S.D. and Saachi, G.A.  (2001) Physiological evidence for a high-affinity cadmium transporter highly expressed in a Thlaspi caerulescens ecotype. New Phytologist, 149, 53-60. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2001.00003.x

180.Knights J.S., Zhao F.J., Spiro B. and McGrath, S.P. (2000) Long-term effects of land use and fertilizer treatments on sulphur cycling. Journal of Environmental Quality 29, 1867-1874.

181.Vulkan R., Zhao F.J., Barbosa-Jefferson V.L., Preston S., Paton G.I., Tipping E., and McGrath S.P. (2000) Copper speciation and impacts on bacterial biosensors in the pore water of copper contaminated soils. Environmental Science and Technology. 34, 5115-5121. doi: 10.1021/es0000910

182.Blake-Kalff M.M.A., Hawkesford M.J., Zhao F.J., and McGrath S.P. (2000) Diagnosing sulfur deficiency in field-grown oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Plant and Soil, 225, 95-107. doi:10.1023/A:1026503812267

183.Küpper, H., Lombi, E., Zhao, F.J. and McGrath, S.P. (2000) Cellular compartmentation of cadmium and zinc in relation to other elements in the hyperaccumulator Aradidopsis halleriPlanta 212, 75-84. doi:10.1007/s004250000366

184.Lawlor, K., Knight, B.P., Barbosa-Jefferson, V.L., Lane, P.W., Lilley, A.K., Paton, G.I., McGrath, S.P., O'Flaherty, S.M., Hirsch, P.R. (2000) Comparison of different methods to investigate microbial populations in soils under different agricultural management. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 33, 129-137. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2000.tb00735.x

185.Chaudri, A.M., Allain, C.M.G, Barbosa-Jefferson, V.L., Nicholson, F.A., Chambers, B.J. and McGrath S.P. (2000) A study of the impacts of Zn and Cu on two rhizobial species in soils of a long-term field experiment. Plant and Soil, 221, 167-179. doi:10.1023/A:1004735705492

186.Riley, N.J. Zhao, F.J. McGrath, S.P. (2000) Availability of different forms of sulphur fertilisers to wheat and oilseed rape. Plant and Soil, 222,139-147.  doi: 10.1023/A:1004757503831

187.McGrath, S.P., Zhao, F.J., Dunham, S.J., Crosland, A.R. and Coleman, K. (2000) Long-term changes in the extractability and bioavailability of zinc and cadmium. Journal of Environmental Quality, 29, 875-883.

188.Hutchinson, J.J. Young S.D., McGrath S.P., West H.M., Black C.R. and Baker A.J.M. (2000) Determining uptake of ‘non-labile’ soil cadmium by Thlaspi caerulescens using isotopic dilution techniques. New Phytologist, 146, 453-460. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2000.00657.x

189.Zhao, F.J, Lombi, E., Breedon, T. and McGrath, S.P. (2000) Zinc hyperaccumulation and cellular distribution in Arabidopsis halleriPlant Cell and Environment, 23, 507-514. doi:10.1046/j.1365-3040.2000.00569.x

190.Whiting, S.N., Leake, J.R., McGrath S.P. and Baker A.J.M. (2000) Positive responses to Zn and Cd by roots of the Zn and Cd hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. New Phytologist, 145, 199-210. doi:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00570.x

191.Chaudri, A.M., Lawlor, K. and McGrath, S.P. (2000) Pentachlorophenol utilization by indigenous soil microorganims. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32, 429-432. doi:10.1016/S0038-0717(99)00171-6   

192.Chaudri, A.M., Lawlor, K., Preston, S., Paton, G.I., Killham, K. and McGrath, S.P. (2000) Response of a Rhizobium-based biosensor to Zn and Cu in soil solutions from sewage sludge treated soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32, 383-388. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.01.026    

193.Lombi, E., Zhao, F.J., Dunham, S.J. and McGrath, S.P. (2000) Cadmium accumulation in populations of Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi goesingense. New Phytologist, 145, 11-20. doi:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00560.x

194.Giller, K.E., Witter, E. and McGrath, S.P. (1999) Assessing risks of heavy metal toxicity in agricultural soils: Do microbes matter? Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 5, 683-689. doi: 10.1080/10807039991289581

195.Hamon R.E., Holm P.E., Lorenz S.E., McGrath S.P. and Christensen T.H. (1999) Metal uptake by plants from sludge-amended soils: caution is required in the plateau interpretation. Plant and Soil. 216, 53-64. doi:10.1023/A:1004780720809

196.McGrath, S.P., Knight B., Killham K., Preston S. and Paton G. I. (1999) Assessment of the toxicity of metals in soils amended with sewage sludge using a chemical speciation technique and a lux-based biosensor Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 18, 659-663. doi: 10.1897/1551-5028(1999)018<0659:AOTTOM>2.3.CO

197.Zhao, F.J., Wood, A.P. and McGrath S.P. (1999). Effects of sulphur nutrition on growth and nitrogen fixation of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Plant and Soil, 212, 207-217. doi:10.1023/A:1004618303445

198.Zhao, F.J., Salmon, S.E., Withers, P.J.A., Evans, E.J., Monaghan, J.M., Shewry, P.R. and McGrath, S.P. (1999) Responses of breadmaking quality to sulphur in three wheat varieties. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 79, 1-10.

199.Zhao, F.J., Hawkesford, M.J. and McGrath, S.P. (1999) Sulphur assimilation and effects on yield and quality of wheat. Journal of Cereal Science, 30, 1-17. doi:10.1006/jcrs.1998.0241 

200.Zhao, F.J., Salmon, S.E., Withers, P.J.A., Monaghan, J.M., Evans, E.J., Shewry, P.R. and McGrath, S.P. (1999) Variation in the breadmaking quality and rheological properties of wheat in relation to sulphur nutrition under field conditions. Journal of Cereal Science, 30, 19-31. doi:10.1006/jcrs.1998.0244  

201.Lawlor, K., Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P. and Hirsch, P.R. (1999) Gene transfer in bacteria from soils contaminated with heavy metals. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 28, 317-320. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2672.1999.00520.x

202.McGrath, S.P. and Chaudri, A.M. (1999) Long-term effects of metal contamination on Rhizobium. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 31, 1205-1207. doi:10.1016/S0038-0717(99)00024-3  

203.Chaudri, A.M. Knight B.P., Barbosa-Jefferson V.L., Preston S., Paton G.I., Killham K. Coad N., Nicholson F.A., Chambers B.J., and McGrath, S.P. (1999) Determination of acute Zn toxicity in pore water from soils previously treated with sewage sludge using bioluminescence assays. Environmental Science and Technology, 33, 1880-1885. doi: 10.1021/es980753+

204.Küpper H., Zhao F.J., and McGrath, S.P. (1999) Cellular compartmentation of zinc in leaves of the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant Physiology, 119, 305-311.

205.Zhang, H., Davison, W., Knight, B. and McGrath, S.P. (1998) In situ measurement of solution concentrations and fluxes of trace metals in soils using DGT. Environmental Science and Technology, 32, 704-710. doi:10.1021/es9704388

206.Holm, P.E, Christensen, T.H., Lorenz, S.E., Hamon, R.E., Domingues, H.C., Sequeira, E.M. and McGrath, S.P. (1998) Measured soil water concentrations of cadmium and zinc and estimated leaching outflows from contaminated soils. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 102, 105-115. doi:10.1023/A:1004964200904

207.Barbosa-Jefferson, V.L., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P., and Magan, N. (1998) Thiosulphate and tetrathionate oxidation in arable soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 30, 553-559.  doi:10.1016/S0038-0717(97)00270-8  

208.Knight, B.P., Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1998) Determination of chemical availability of cadmium and zinc using inert soil moisture samplers. Environmental Pollution, 99, 293-298. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(98)00021-9    

209.Giller, K.E., Witter E. and McGrath S.P. (1998) Toxicity of heavy metals to microorganisms and microbial processes in agricultural soils: A review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 30, 1389-1414. doi:10.1016/S0038-0717(97)00270-8  

210.Zhao, F.J., Spiro, B, Poulton, P.R. and McGrath, S.P. (1998) Use of sulfur isotope ratios to determine anthropogenic signals in a grassland ecosystem. Environmental Science and Technology, 32, 2288-2291. doi: 10.1021/es980157f

211.Blake-Kalff, M.M.A., Harrison, K.R., Hawkesford, M.J., Zhao, F.J. and McGrath, S.P. (1998) Distribution of sulfur within oilseed rape leaves in response to sulfur deficiency during vegetative growth. Plant Physiology, 118, 1337-1344.

212.Knight, B.P., McGrath, S.P. and Chaudri, A.M. (1997) Biomass carbon measurements and substrate utilisation patterns of microbial populations from soils amended with cadmium, copper or zinc. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63, 39-43.

213.McGrath, S.P., Shen Z.G. and Zhao F.J. (1997) Heavy metal uptake and chemical changes in the rhizosphere of Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi ochroleucum grown in contaminated soils. Plant and Soil 188, 153-159. doi:10.1023/A:1004248123948

214.Paton, G.I., Palmer, G., Burton, M., Rattray, E.A.S., McGrath, S.P., Glover, L.A. and Killham, K. (1997)  Development of an acute and chronic ecotoxicity assay using lux-marked Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifoliiLetters in Applied Microbiology 24, 296-300. doi:10.1046/j.1472-765X.1997.00071.x

215.Zhao F J, Bilsborrow P E, Evans E J and McGrath, S.P. (1997) Nitrogen to sulphur ratio in rapeseed and in rapeseed protein and its use in diagnosing sulphur deficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 20, 549-558. doi: 10.1080/01904169709365273

216.Shen, Z.G., Zhao, F.J. and McGrath, S.P. (1997)  Uptake and transport of zinc in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens and the non-hyperaccumulator Thlaspi ochroleucumPlant, Cell and Environment 20, 898-906. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1997.tb00665.x

217.Lorenz, S.E., Hamon, R.E., Holm, P.E., Domingues, H.C., Sequeira, E.M., Christensen, T.H. and McGrath, S.P. (1997) Cadmium and zinc in plants and soils solutions from contaminated soils. Plant and Soil, 189, 21-31. doi:10.1023/A:1004214923372

218.Castro, I.V., Ferreira, E.M. and McGrath, S.P. (1997) Effectiveness and genetic diversity of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv.  trifolii isolates on Portuguese soils polluted by industrial effluents. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 29, 1209-1213. doi:10.1016/S0038-0717(97)00270-8  

219.Knight, B.P., Zhao F.J., McGrath, S.P. and Shen Z.G. (1997) Zinc and cadmium uptake by the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens in contaminated soils and its effects on the concentration and chemical speciation of metals in soil solution. Plant and Soil, 197, 71-78. doi:10.1023/A:1004255323909

220.Zhao F.J., Shen Z.G. and McGrath, S.P. (1997) Solubility of zinc and interactions between zinc and phosphorus in the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. Plant, Cell and Environment, 21, 108-114. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3040.1998.00270.x

221.McGrath, S.P. and Zhao, F.J. (1996)  Sulphur uptake, yield responses and the interactions between nitrogen and sulphur in winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus).  Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 126, 53-62.

222.Oliver, M.A., Webster, R. and McGrath, S.P. (1996)  Disjunctive kriging for environmental management.  Environmetrics 7, 333-358. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-095X(199605)7:3<333::AID-ENV209>3.0.CO;2-V

223.Zhao, F.J., Loke, S.Y., Crosland, A.R. and McGrath, S.P. (1996) Method to determine elemental sulphur in soils applied to measure sulphur oxidation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 28, 1083-1087. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(96)00073-9    

224.Zhao, F.J., Hawkesford, M.J., Warrilow, A.G.S., McGrath, S.P. and Clarkson, D.T. (1996) Responses of two wheat varieties to sulphur addition and diagnosis of sulphur deficiency. Plant and Soil. 181, 317-327. doi:10.1007/BF00012066

225.Bacon, J.R., Jones, K.C., McGrath, S.P. and Johnston, A.E. (1996)  Isotopic character of lead deposited from the atmosphere at a grassland site in the United Kingdom since 1860.  Environmental Science and Technology 30, 2511-2518. doi: 10.1021/es950839s

226.Chaudri, A.M.,  McGrath, S.P., Knight, B.P., Johnson, D.L. and Jones, K.C. (1996). Toxicity of organic compounds to the indigenous population of Rhizobium Leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soil. Soil Biol. Biochem. 28, 1483-1487. doi:10.1016/S0038-0717(97)00270-8  

227.Sewart, A., Harrad, S.J., McLachlan, M.S., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1995).  PCDD/Fs and non-o-PCBs in digested UK sewage sludges. Chemosphere 30, 51-67. doi:10.1016/0045-6535(94)00376-6    

228.Wang, M-J., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1995) Chlorobenzenes in field soil with a history of multiple sewage sludge applications. Environmental Science and Technology 29, 356-362. doi:10.1021/es00002a011

229.McGrath, S.P., Chaudri, A.M. and Giller, K.E. (1995) Long-term effects of metals in sewage sludge on soils, microorganisms and plants.  Journal of Industrial Microbiology 14, 94-104. doi:10.1007/BF01569890

230.Alcock, R.E., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1995) The influence of multiple sewage sludge amendments on the PCB content of an agricultural soil over time.  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 14, 553-560. doi: 10.1897/1552-8618(1995)14[553:TIOMSS]2.0.CO

231.Holm, P.E., Christensen, T.H., Tjell, J.C. and McGrath, S.P. (1995) Speciation of cadmium and zinc with application to soil solutions.  J. Environ. Qual. 24, 183-190.

232.Crosland, A.R., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P. and Lane, P.W.  (1995) Comparison of Aqua Regia digestion with sodium carbonate fusion for the determination of total phosphorus in soils by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP).  Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 26, 1357-1368. doi: 10.1080/00103629509369377

233.Jones, K.C., Johnston, A.E. and McGrath, S.P. (1995) The importance of long- and short-term air-soil exchanges of organic contaminants.  Intern. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 59, 167-178.  doi: 10.1080/03067319508041325

234.Hamon, R.E., Lorenz, S.E., Holm, P.E., Christensen, T.H. and McGrath, S.P. (1995) Changes in trace metal species and other components of the rhizosphere during growth of radish.  Plant, Cell and Environment 18, 749-756. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1995.tb00577.x

235.Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P. and Crosland, A.R. (1995) Changes in the sulphur status of British wheat grain in the last decade, and its geographical distribution. J. Sci. Food Agric. 68, 507-514.

236.Chaudri, A.M., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P. and Crosland, A.R. (1995)  The cadmium content of British wheat grain.  Journal of Environmental Quality 24, 850-855.

237.McGrath, S.P. and Zhao, F.J. (1995) A risk assessment of sulphur deficiency in cereals using soil and atmospheric deposition data. Soil Use and Management 11, 110-114. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-2743.1995.tb00507.x

238.Laurie, S.H., Tancock, N.P., McGrath, S.P. and Sanders, J.R. (1995)  Influence of EDTA complexation on plant uptake of manganese (II).  Plant Science 109, 231-235. doi:10.1016/0168-9452(95)04161-M  

239.Knight, B. and McGrath, S.P. (1995)  A method to buffer the concentrations of free Zn and Cd ions using a cation exchange resin in bacterial toxicity studies.  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 14, 2033-2039. doi: 10.1897/1552-8618(1995)14[2033:AMTBTC]2.0.CO

240.Zhao, F., McGrath, S.P. and Crosland, A.R. (1994) Comparison of three wet digestion methods for the determination of plant sulphur by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 25, 407-418. doi: 10.1080/00103629409369047

241.Zhao, F. and McGrath, S.P. (1994) Comparison of sulphur uptake by oilseed rape and the soil sulphur status of two adjacent fields with different soil series.  Soil Use and Management 10, 47-50. doi:10.1111/j.1475-2743.1994.tb00457.x

242.Baker, A.J.M., McGrath, S.P., Sidoli, C.M.D. and Reeves, R.D. (1994). The possibility of in situ heavy metal decontamination of polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 11, 41-49. doi:10.1016/0921-3449(94)90077-9   

243.McGrath, S.P., Chang, A.C., Page, A.L. and Witter, E. (1994). Land application of sewage sludge: scientific perspectives of heavy metal loading limits in Europe and the United States. Environ. Rev.  2, 108-118. doi:10.1139/a94-006

244.Zhao, F.J. and McGrath, S.P. (1994).  Extractable sulphate and organic sulphur in soils and their availability to plants. Plant and Soil 164, 243-250. doi:10.1007/BF00010076

245.Lorenz, S.E., Hamon, R.E., McGrath, S.P., Holm, P.E. and Christensen, T.H. (1994). Applications of fertilizer cations affect cadmium and zinc concentrations in soil solutions and uptake by plants. European Journal of Soil Science 45, 159-165. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.1994.tb00497.x

246.Lane, P.W. and McGrath, S.P. (1994).  Modelling the effect of cultivation on the dispersion of pollutants in soil. The Statistician 43, 4, 537-549.

247.Bernal, M.P., McGrath, S.P., Miller, A.J. and Baker, A.J.M. (1994) Comparison of the chemical changes in the rhizosphere of the nickel hyperaccumulator Alyssum murale with the non-accumulator Raphanus sativus. Plant and Soil 164, 251-259. doi:10.1007/BF00010077

248.Bernal, M.P. and McGrath, S.P. (1994) Effects of pH and heavy metal concentrations in solution culture on the proton release, growth and elemental composition of Alyssum murale and Raphanus sativus L. Plant and Soil 166, 83-92. doi:10.1007/BF02185484

249.Lorenz, S.E., Hamon, R.E. and McGrath, S.P. (1994) Differences between soil solutions obtained from rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils by water displacement and soil centrifugation. European Journal of Soil Science 45, 431-438. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2389.1994.tb00528.x

250.Giller, K.E., Nussbaum, R., Chaudri, A.M. and McGrath, S.P. (1993) Rhizobium meliloti is less sensitive to heavy-metal contamination in soil than R. leguminosarum bv. trifolii or R. lotiSoil Biology and Biochemistry 25, 273-278. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(93)90039-E 

251.Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P., Giller, K.E., Rietz, E. and Sauerbeck, D.R. (1993) Enumeration of indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soils previously treated with metal-contaminated sewage sludge.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 25, 301-309. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(93)90128-X    

252.Angle, J.S., McGrath, S.P., Chaudri, A.M., Chaney, R.L. and Giller, K.E. (1993) Inoculation effects on legumes grown in soil previously treated with sewage sludge.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 25, 575?580. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(93)90196-I   

253.Alcock, R.E., Johnston, A.E., McGrath, S.P., Berrow, M.L. and Jones, K.C. (1993) Long-term changes in the polychlorinated biphenyl content of United Kingdom soils.  Environmental Science and Technology 27, 1918-1923. doi:10.1021/es00046a022

254.Crosland, A.R., McGrath, S.P. and Lane, P.W. (1993) An interlaboratory comparison of a standardised EDTA extraction procedure for the analysis of available trace elements in two quality control soils. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 51, 153-160. doi: 10.1080/03067319308027620

255.Hirsch, P.R., Jones, M.J., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1993) Heavy metals from past applications of sewage sludge decrease the genetic diversity of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii populations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 25, 1485-1490. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(93)90003-T    

256.Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P., Giller, K.E., Angle, J.S. and Chaney, R.L. (1993)  Screening of isolates and strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii for heavy metal resistance using buffered media.  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 12, 1643-1651. doi: 10.1897/1552-8618(1993)12[1643:SOIASO]2.0.CO

257.Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1992) Metal tolerance of isolates of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii from soil contaminated by past applications of sewage sludge.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 24, 83-88. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(92)90262-V   

258.Wild, S.R., Berrow, M.L., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1992) Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in crops from long-term field experiments amended with sewage sludge.  Environmental Pollution 76, 25-32. doi:10.1016/0269-7491(92)90113-O   

259.McGrath, S.P. and Cegarra, J. (1992) Chemical extractability of heavy metals during and after long-term applications of sewage sludge to soil.  Journal of Soil Science 43, 313-321.

260.Giller, K.E., Amijee, F., Brodrick, S.J., McGrath, S.P., Mushi, C., Edje, O.T. and Smithson, J.B. (1992) Toxic concentrations of iron and manganese in leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. growing on freely-drained soils of pH 6.5 in Northern Tanzania.  Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 23, 1663-1669. doi: 10.1080/00103629209368695

261.Angle, J.S., McGrath, S.P. and Chaudri, A.M. (1992) Effects of media components on toxicity of Cd to rhizobia.  Water, Air and Soil Pollution 64, 627-633. doi:10.1007/BF00483371

262.Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1992) Survival of the indigenous population of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soil spiked with Cd, Zn, Cu and Ni salts. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 24, 625?632. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(93)90039-E 

263.Lorenz, S.E., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1992) Assessment of free-living nitrogen fixation activity as a biological indicator of heavy metal toxicity in soil.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 24, 601-606. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(92)90086-D   

264.Wang, M.-J., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1992) The chlorobenzene content of archived sewage sludges.  The Science of the Total Environment 121, 159-175. doi:10.1016/0048-9697(92)90313-H 

265.Bullock, J.I., Coward, N.P., Dawson, G.W., Henderson, I.F., Larkworthy, L.F., Martin, A.P. and McGrath, S.P. (1992) Contact uptake of metal compounds and their molluscicidal effect on the field slug, Deroceras reticulatum (Müller) (Pulmonata: Limacidae).  Crop Protection 11, 329-334. doi:10.1016/0261-2194(92)90058-D    

266.Laurie, S.H., Tancock, N.P., McGrath, S.P. and Sanders, J.R. (1991) Influence of complexation on the uptake by plants of iron, manganese, copper and zinc. I. Effect of EDTA in a multi-metal and computer simulation study.  Journal of Experimental Botany 42, 509-513.

267.Laurie, S.H., Tancock, N.P., McGrath, S.P. and Sanders, J.R. (1991) Influence of complexation on the uptake by plants of iron, manganese, copper and zinc. II. Effect of DTPA in a multi-metal and computer simulation study.  Journal of Experimental Botany 42, 515-519.

268.Angle, J.S., McGrath, S.P. and Chaney, R.L. (1991) New culture medium containing ionic concentrations of nutrients similar to that found in the soil solution.  Applied and Environmental Microbiology 57, 3674-3676.

269.Banjoko, V.A. and McGrath, S.P. (1991) Studies of the distribution and bioavailability of soil zinc fractions.  Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 57, 325-334.

270.Wild, S.R., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1990) The polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) content of archived sewage sludges.  Chemosphere 20, 703-716. doi:10.1016/0045-6535(90)90161-L    

271.Koomen, I., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1990) Mycorrhizal infection of clover is delayed in soils contaminated with heavy metals from past sewage sludge applications.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 22, 871-873. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(90)90170-5    

272.Wild, S.R., Waterhouse, K.S., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1990) Organic contaminants in an agricultural soil with a known history of sewage sludge amendments: polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons.  Environmental Science and Technology 24, 1706-1711. doi:10.1021/es00081a013

273.Goulding, K.W.T., McGrath, S.P. and Johnston, A.E. (1989) Predicting the lime requirement of soils under permanent grassland and arable crops.  Soil Use and Management 5, 54-57. doi:10.1111/j.1475-2743.1989.tb00760.x

274.Giller, K.E., McGrath, S.P. and Hirsch, P.R. (1989) Absence of nitrogen fixation in clover grown on soil subject to long term contamination with heavy metals is due to survival of only ineffective RhizobiumSoil Biology and Biochemistry 21, 841-848.  doi:10.1016/0038-0717(89)90179-X    

275.McGrath, S.P. and Lane, P.W. (1989) An explanation for the apparent losses of metals in a long-term field experiment with sewage sludge.  Environmental Pollution 60, 235-256. doi:10.1016/0269-7491(89)90107-3    

276.Sanders, J.R. and McGrath, S.P. (1988) Experimental measurements and computer predictions of copper complex formation by soluble soil organic matter.  Environmental Pollution 49, 63-76. doi:10.1016/0269-7491(88)90014-0   

277.McGrath, S.P., Sanders, J.R. and Shalaby, M.H. (1988) The effect of soil organic matter levels on soil solution concentrations and extractabilities of manganese, zinc and copper. Geoderma 42, 177-188. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(90)90170-5    

278.McGrath, S.P., and Brookes, P.C. and Giller, K.E. (1988) Effects of potentially toxic metals in soil derived from past applications of sewage sludge on nitrogen fixation by Trifolium repens L.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20, 415-424. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(88)90052-1  

279.Byers, M., McGrath, S.P. and Webster, R. (1987) A survey of the sulphur content of wheat grown in Britain. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 38, 151-160.

280.Sanders, J.R., McGrath, S.P. and Adams, T.M. (1987) Zinc, copper and nickel concentrations in soil extracts and crops grown on four soils treated with metal-loaded sewage sludges. Environmental Pollution 44, 193-210. doi:10.1016/0269-7491(87)90003-0   

281.McGrath, S.P. (1987) Computerized quality control, statistics and regional mapping of the concentrations of trace and major elements in the soil of England and Wales. Soil Use and Management 3, 31-38. doi:10.1111/j.1475-2743.1987.tb00706.x

282.Brookes, P.C. and McGrath, S.P. (1987) Adenylate energy charge in metal-contaminated soil.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 19, 219-220. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(87)90085-X    

283.Brookes, P.C., Heijnen, Caroline, E., McGrath, S.P. and Vance, E.D. (1986) Soil microbial biomass estimates in soils contaminated with metals. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 18, 383-388. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(86)90042-8   

284.McGrath, S.P., Sanders, J.R., Laurie, S.H. and Tancock, N.P. (1986) Experimental determinations and computer predictions of trace metal ion concentrations in dilute complex solutions. The Analyst 111,459-465. doi: 10.1021/es950839s

285.Brookes, P.C., McGrath, S.P. and Heijnen, C.E. (1986) Metal residues in soils previously treated with sewage sludge and their effects on growth and nitrogen fixation by blue-green algae. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 18, 345-353. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(86)90037-4    

286.Stafford, E.A. and McGrath, S.P. (1986) The use of acid insoluble residue to correct for the presence of soil-derived metals in the gut of earthworms used as bioindicator organisms. Environmental Pollution (Series A) 42, 233-246. doi:10.1016/0143-1471(86)90034-6    

287.Sanders, J.R., McGrath, S.P. and Adams, T.M. (1986) Zinc, copper and nickel concentrations in ryegrass grown on sludge-contaminated soils of different pH. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 37, 961-968.

288.McGrath, S.P. and Cunliffe, C.H. (1985) A simplified method for the extraction of the metals Fe, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cd, Pb, Cr, Co and Mn from soils and sewage sludges. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 36, 794-798.

289.McGrath, S.P. (1985) The effects of increasing yields on the macro and microelement concentrations and offtakes in the grain of winter wheat. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 36, 1073-1083.

290.Brookes, P.C. and McGrath, S.P. (1984) The effects of metal  toxicity on the size of the soil microbial biomass. Journal of Soil Science 35, 341-346.

291.McGrath, S.P. (1984) Metal concentrations in sludges and soil from a long term field trial. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge, 103, 35-35.

292.Bloomfield, C. and McGrath, S.P. (1982) A comparison of the extractabilities of Zn, Cu, Ni and Cr from sewage sludges prepared by treating raw sewage with the metal salts before or after anaerobic digestion. Environmental Pollution (Series B) 3, 193-198. doi:10.1016/0143-148X(82)90060-X   

293.McGrath, S.P. and Rorison, I.H. (1982) The influence of nitrogen source on the tolerance of Holcus lanatus L. and Bromus erectus Huds. to manganese.  New Phytologist 91, 443-452. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.1982.tb03323.x

294.McGrath, S.P. (1982) The uptake and translocation of tri- and hexavalent chromium and effects on the growth of oat in flowing nutrient solution and in soil.  New Phytologist 92, 381-390. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.1982.tb03395.x

295.McGrath, S.P., Baker, A.J.M., Morgan, A.N., Salmon, W.J. and Williams, M. (1980) The effects of interactions between cadmium and aluminium on the growth of two metal-tolerant races of Holcus lanatus L. Environmental Pollution (Series A) 23, 267-277. doi:10.1016/0143-1471(80)90069-0

Books:

 1.  McGrath, S.P. and Loveland, P.J. (1992) The Soil Geochemical Atlas of England and Wales.  Blackie, Glasgow.

2.   Rawlins, B.G., McGrath, S.P., Scheib, A.J., Breward, N., Cave, M., Lister, T.R., Ingham, M., Gowing, C. and Carter S. (2012) The Advanced Soil Geochemical Atlas of England and Wales.  British Geological Survey, Keyworth. http://www.bgs.ac.uk/gbase/advsoilatlasEW.html

Measures of esteem

2013

  • President, International Society for Trace Element Biogeochemistry
  • Honorary Fellow, International Society for Selenium Research

2012

  • Member of Steering Committee: Biochar Risk Assessment Framework, Edinburgh University
  • Member of NERC Peer Review College

2011

  • Vice President: Int Society Trace Element Biogeochemistry

2010

  • Management Committee - Mineral-improved crop production for healthy food and feed: EU COST Action FA0905
  • Andrew Mathers: Nottingham University

2009

  • Tristan Eagling: UEA
  • Charlotte Lomax: Aberdeen University

2007

  • Katie Moore: Oxford University

2005

  • Secretary: Int Society Trace Element Biogeochemistry
  • Management Board Member: Cross-Institute Programme

2004

  • Highly Cited Scientist: ISI - Environment and Ecology
  • ISI Highly Cited Researcher: http://www.in-cites.com/scientists/ProfSteveMcGrath.html
  • Dr M Morales-Scott: Nottingham University

2003

  • Journal of Environmental Quality: Technical Editor

2002

  • Dr P Schelmerdine: University of Nottingham

2001

  • Plant Cell Environment
  • Special Professor: University of Nottingham
  • Committee on Toxicants and Pathogens: US National Academy of Sciences

2000

  • New Phytologist: Advisor to Editorial Board
  • Research Medal: Royal Ag Society England

1999

  • Journal of Environmental Quality: Associate Editor
  • Regional Environment Protection Advisory Committee: UK Environment Agency

1998

  • Acaemic status: Reading University
  • Chair Sub Commission G: International Union of Soil Sciences

1996

  • Distinuguished Visiting Scientist - Waite Institut: University of Adelaide

1993

  • Soil Biology and Biochemistry: Subject Editor
  • Honorary Professor: Liverpool John Mooores University

1992

  • SCI: 1st Environment Medal

Qualifications

1980

  • PhD in Physiological Ecology (Sheffield University)

1976

  • BSc in Plant Science (Sheffield University)