Watson, Jim. Born 6 April 1928.
Jim Watson was brought up in a fairly poor family living amongst the steel mills
of Chicago. He met Francis Crick in the Cavendish Laboratory, and shared
his enthusiasm that it should be possible to understand the nature of
the gene in molecular terms.
View : Dr Chromo's lecture on DNA
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- Crick, Francis Harry Compton: A critical influence in Crick's career was his friendship, beginning in 1951, with J. D. Watson, then a young man of 23, leading in
1953 to the proposal of the double-helical structure for DNA and the replication scheme.
- The Discovery of the Molecular Structure of DNA - The Double Helix: The work of many scientists paved the way for the exploration of DNA. Way back in 1868, almost a century before the Nobel Prize was awarded to Watson, Crick and Wilkins, a young Swiss physician named Friedrich Miescher, isolated something no one had ever seen before from the nuclei of cells. He called the compound nuclein. This is today called nucleic acid, the NA in DNA (deoxyribo-nucleic-acid) and RNA (ribo-nucleic-acid).
- Wilkins, Maurice Hugh Frederick: The discovery of the well-defined patterns led to the deriving of the molecular structure of DNA. Further X-ray
studies established the correctness of the Watson-Crick proposal for DNA structure.