WANTED: LARGE WHITE BUTTERFLY CATERPILLARS
Help needed for research into biological control of pests
Farmers and growers are being asked to send large white butterfly caterpillars they come across to assist research into the control of crop pests.
Large whites are sometimes parasitised by a wasp, Cotesia glomeratus, who kill their caterpillar host.
This same species of wasp also appears to parasitise two major crop pests, the African armyworm and fall armyworm, and researcher Ruth Carter hopes to collect wasps from infected UK caterpillars to start a lab colony of parasitised armyworms.
She said: “These armyworms are devastating pests where just a handful of caterpillars can obliterate large areas of cereals or grazing land in a matter of weeks. They’re a real problem right across Africa in particular where they contribute to the continued poverty and misery of millions.
“Our hope is that this tiny parasitic wasp might provide new insights, and possible new ways of controlling armyworm outbreaks, rather than the widespread use of pesticides.”
As part of its life cycle, female wasps lay a clutch of eggs within a caterpillar and over the next two to three weeks these larvae feed on the host before finally killing it.
They then spin their characteristic yellow cocoons (see picture above) on or near the dead caterpillar, before finally emerging as adult wasps.
Ruth, a joint PhD student between Rothamsted and the University of Lancaster, will be investigating the interaction between the wasps, the caterpillars, and the plants they feed on.
“I'm trying to understand how plant ‘smells’ change after the crop has been attacked by the armyworms. We know plants change their leaf chemistry and the chemicals they emit in response to being fed on. I’m trying to understand how this affects parasitoids. For example, are the wasps attracted to these plant aromas – in other words, are the plants calling for help?”
Ruth is asking anybody who comes across large white caterpillars carefully collect them, place them in a pot with leaves of the plant they were on, and then send them to her.
Large white caterpillars are fairly easy to identify and mainly feed on plants within the cabbage family plus other common plants such as nasturtiums.
If you see the characteristic yellow cocoons on or near a dead caterpillar, please send those too.
For more information on how to collect and send caterpillars to Ruth, email Ruth.email@example.com
You can follow her on Twitter @RuthEntomology
Photos: Vince Massimo, UK Butterflies
About Rothamsted Research
Rothamsted Research is the longest-running agricultural research institute in the world. We work from gene to field with a proud history of ground-breaking discoveries, from crop treatment to crop protection, from statistical interpretation to soils management. Our founders, in 1843, were the pioneers of modern agriculture, and we are known for our imaginative science and our collaborative influence on fresh thinking and farming practices.
Through independent science and innovation, we make significant contributions to improving agri-food systems in the UK and internationally. In terms of the institute’s economic contribution, the cumulative impact of our work in the UK was calculated to exceed £3000 million a year in 20151. Our strength lies in our systems approach, which combines science and strategic research, interdisciplinary teams and partnerships.
Rothamsted is also home to three unique resources. These National Capabilities are open to researchers from all over the world: The Long-Term Experiments, Rothamsted Insect Survey and the North Wyke Farm Platform.
We are strategically funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), with additional support from other national and international funding streams, and from industry. We are also supported by the Lawes Agricultural Trust (LAT).
For more information, visit https://www.rothamsted.ac.uk/; Twitter @Rothamsted
1Rothamsted Research and the Value of Excellence: A synthesis of the available evidence, by Séan Rickard (Oct 2015)
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The Lawes Agricultural Trust, established in 1889 by Sir John Bennet Lawes, supports Rothamsted Research’s national and international agricultural science through the provision of land, facilities and funding. LAT, a charitable trust, owns the estates at Harpenden and Broom's Barn, including many of the buildings used by Rothamsted Research. LAT provides an annual research grant to the Director, accommodation for nearly 200 people, and support for fellowships for young scientists from developing countries. LAT also makes capital grants to help modernise facilities at Rothamsted, or invests in new buildings.