The International Association for Cereal Science and Technology (ICC) announces Professor Shewry as winner of the 2016 award.
Professor Peter Shewry has received the Clyde H. Bailey medal in recognition of his research into the development, structures and composition of the wheat grain. His work at Rothamsted Research focuses on improving wheat quality for human health, particularly on enhancing fibre and phenolic acid content, and performance in milling and bread-making. The medal recognises outstanding achievements in the service of cereal science and technology.
Rothamsted Research publishes a short report that highlights key changes in climate, pollution and biodiversity during the first 20 years of monitoring at its North Wyke site near Okehampton, Devon.
Scientists carrying out long-term monitoring at the North Wyke site of Rothamsted Research have detected trends in the biodiversity and the environment. Lower surface wind speeds, decreased concentrations of pollutants in rainfall and fluctuations in the abundances of butterflies and moths are among the changes recorded. The main findings from the first 20 years of monitoring at North Wyke are described in a short report written by scientists at Rothamsted Research.
The trial will test whether GM Camelina sativa plants are able to make significant quantities of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) and astaxanthin in the seed of the plant under field conditions.
Rothamsted Research submitted an application on February 1st 2016 to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs for permission to carry out a GM field trial on the Rothamsted Farm in 2016 and 2017. The risk assessment was reviewed by the independent Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment (ACRE), and a 48-day public consultation was carried out by Defra. ACRE is satisfied that all scientific issues raised by the public with respect to this application have been addressed.
Rothamsted Research launches a video and blog series highlighting the work of early career Research Scientists and PhD students.
Have you ever wondered what a day in the life of a Research Scientist is like? With Rothamsted’s 'A day in the life of a Research Scientist’ wondered no longer! This regular blog series will give an insight into: who our scientists are; what their career journey has been so far; the type of scientific research they are involved in; why you may find their work of interest to you; their ups and downs; what drives, excites and challenges the
Rothamsted Research brings together all European willow breeders in an independent trial hosted by Easton & Otley College at their Norfolk campus.
Willows (Salix spp.) are among the fastest growing trees in temperate latitudes and many species are amenable to growth in highly productive short rotation coppice (SRC) cycles. Rothamsted Research, which receives strategic funding from BBSRC, breeds willows a perennial non-food crop, as a source of renewable woody feedstock for bioenergy and the emerging bioeconomy.
Congratulations to Samia Maroof who is presenting her research project at the finals of the National Science and Engineering Competition.
Samia Maroof, a student from Luton 6th Form College carried out a research project at Rothamsted Research in the summer 2015 as part of the Nuffield Research Placement scheme. Samia’s project has been selected to the finals of the National Science and Engineering competition. The competition is open to all UK students age 11 to 18. Every year, thousands of students enter the competition and projects are selected at the Regional Big Bang Fair events.
Rothamsted Research and Alltech Crop Science’s strategic alliance will allow for leading research opportunities to investigate on-farm applications to improve soil, crop, feed and livestock health.
Rothamsted Research is partnering with Alltech Crop Science, a division of Alltech, for a strategic alliance in the field of agricultural research. One of the oldest agricultural research institutes in the world, Rothamsted Research, which is strategically funded by the BBSRC, has provided cutting-edge science and innovation for more than 170 years.
New agri-genomics tools, developed at Rothamsted Research, to be made available on Genestack platform
Genestack, in collaboration with Rothamsted Research, to make new tools for agri-genomics available on its platform.
Genestack, the developer of a next generation enterprise platform for genomics research and development, in collaboration with Rothamsted Research, is to make new tools for agri-genomics available on its platform. By using the tools, which are being developed at Rothamsted Research, researchers will be able to apply high-throughput bioinformatics technologies in order to accelerate the crop breeding and crop improvement research.
Whilst the formal application process has now closed and we are in the process of shortlisting we continue to welcome interests for suitably qualified applicants. Those applicants are invited to contact the appropriate recruitment lead directly who if appropriate will advise on the application procedures from here.
An analysis of 76 studies in two distinct tropical regions of the world shows that conservation agriculture leads to only marginal increases in soil carbon stocks.
Conservation agriculture (often termed CA) is often claimed to lock up (“sequester”) carbon in soil and thus contribute to the “mitigation” of climate change.
A new Virtual Joint Centre brings together major UK and Indian researchers with programmes on wheat improvement to determine the genetic control of nitrogen use efficiency in wheat.
The Indo-UK Centre for the improvement of Nitrogen use Efficiency in Wheat (INEW) was launched today at the Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research (ICAR-IIWBR, Karnal, Haryana, India). The centre will generate new types of wheat with improved use of nitrogen, which can be used in breeding programmes in both countries, carrying out a joint research programme, developing shared technologies and facilities and providing training opportunities for early career scientists.
A nationwide survey by ecologists has revealed that over 2 billion US tons of carbon is stored deep under the UK’s grasslands, helping to curb climate change.
Published in the leading journal Global Change Biology, the study shows that decades of intensive grassland farming across the UK, involving high rates of fertilizer use and livestock grazing, have caused valuable soil carbon stocks to decline.
The team found that the largest soil carbon stocks to depth were beneath grasslands that have been farmed at intermediate levels of intensivity, receiving less fertilizer and with fewer grazing animals.
In recognition of his outstanding contribution to plant pathology, Professor John Lucas has recently been made an Honorary Member of the British Society for Plant Pathology.
John Lucas, formerly Head of Plant Pathology and Microbiology at Rothamsted Research, has recently been made an Honorary Member of the British Society for Plant Pathology (1), an award “in recognition of his outstanding contribution to plant pathology”. John spent the first half of his career in the university sector, and moved to Long Ashton Research Station, Bristol in 1994 to work in a more strategic research Institute environment. He transferred to Rothamsted Research in 2000.
Rothamsted Research submits application to Defra for permission to carry out field trial with GM Camelina plants
The trial will test whether GM Camelina sativa plants are able to make significant quantities of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) and astaxanthin in the seed of the plant under field conditions. A public consultation has begun.
Rothamsted Research has submitted an application to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) for permission to carry out a GM field trial on the Rothamsted Farm in 2016 and 2017. Scientists at Rothamsted Research, who receive strategic funding from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), have previously trialed in the field Camelina plants that accumulate omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) in their seeds.
A study of the genetic code of bed bugs reveals that these human blood feeders are adaptive and hardy
An international study, involving Rothamsted Research, allows scientists, for the first time, to read the genetic make up of bed bugs, and begin to understand genes linked to the insect’s adaptive biology and behavior.
Much like how our eyes scan a sequence of letters to read and understand a sentence of English, scientists have, for the first time, sequenced and annotated the genetic code of the common bed bug (Cimex lectularius). This has allowed them to read the bed bug genetic makeup and make big steps in understanding the genes which are linked to evolutionary adaptations in the insect’s biology and behaviour. The research, which was carried out by a group of over 80 scientists based across the world, is today [2nd February] published in Nature Communications.
A new study using high-resolution imaging during wheat sperm cell development reveals the way that chloroplasts are passed from one generation to another via only the maternal parent.
Chloroplasts are important structures in plant cells that perform photosynthesis and mature from small precursors called plastids. Wheat, like many other plants, inherit their chloroplasts only from their mother via the egg cell. However, the mechanism that leads to this was not known. Scientists at Rothamsted Research and colleagues at the University of Manchester labelled plastids in wheat with a green fluorescent protein (GFP) and observed them in developing pollen grains. They show for the first time that plastids are degraded in mature sperm cells just prior to fertilization.
Researchers at the University of East Anglia studied the effect in mice of consuming feed enriched with oil from glasshouse grown genetically engineered Camelina sativa, developed at Rothamsted Research.
Oil from genetically modified (GM) oil seed crops could replace fish oil as a primary source of the beneficial Omega 3 fatty acid EPA.
The goal of the research was to discover whether mammals (using mice as a model) can absorb and accumulate EPA from this novel source of omega-3s.
The team examined levels of EPA in various organs in the body such as the liver, as well as its effect on the expression of genes key for regulating the way the body processes fats. The results show that the benefits were similar to those derived from fish oils.
Global Farm Platform Conference to highlight the value of knowledge exchange between dairy farmer and sustainable livestock production researcher
Research findings from data shared between farmer and researcher will be presented at the inaugural Global Farm Platform Conference, University of Bristol, 12-15 January 2016.
Using UK data study shows that raising farm yields and allowing ‘spared’ land to be reclaimed for woodlands and wetlands could offset greenhouse gas produced by farming industry
New research into the potential for sparing land from food production to balance greenhouse gas emissions has shown that emissions from the UK farming industry could be largely offset by 2050. This could be achieved if the UK increased agricultural yields and coupled this with expanding the areas of natural forests and wetlands to match its European neighbours.
Demonstrating a model framework for understanding feedback mechanisms between the actions of humans and ecological systems, using the example of European corn borer.
Models of pests and diseases help us to understand the implications of control strategies at field to landscape scale, but the behaviour of individual farmers should also be considered. Rothamsted Research scientists, in collaboration with researchers in the US, used game theory concepts to build a model framework for understanding feedback mechanisms between the actions of humans and the dynamics of pest populations. They demonstrate this framework with an example about the European corn borer, a moth whose larval phase is a major pest of maize.
The CROPROTECT App shares information with farmers and agronomists about pest, weed and disease management.
Crop protection is an issue of increasing concern in the farming community. Improved access to information about managing pests, weeds and diseases is needed as conventional pesticides are being lost due to evolution of resistance or because of changes in legislation. The CROPROTECT App is a novel smartphone App (for Android and iOS) and provides information for farmers and agronomists about pest, weed and disease management.
Grassland biodiversity recovers once atmospheric nitrogen pollution reduces.
Air pollution is a human health issue that also impacts negatively on natural ecosystems. In excessive quantities, forms of nitrogen (N) released into the atmosphere from the burning of fossil fuels and from agriculture are a pollutant.
Planting of biomass crops in arable farmland can increase landscape-level biodiversity to support ecosystem function and resilience
Non-food, perennial biomass, crops such as willows and miscanthus, can contribute to the reduction of CO2 and play a role in mitigation against climate change. Rothamsted Research scientists and colleagues in France, examined the potential of these crops to enhance biodiversity at the landscape level. The researchers used biodiversity datasets collected throughout the UK from commercial arable and biomass bioenergy crops and demonstrate for the first time that the biomass crops enhance farmland biodiversity at the landscape -level.
Rothamsted Research and the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences establish a joint Centre for the Sustainable Intensification of Agriculture
The UK-China joint Centre for the Sustainable Intensification of Agriculture (CSIA) will be an open platform for research, knowledge exchange and capacity building.
Today (Tuesday 24th November) Rothamsted Research, which is strategically funded by the BBSRC, and the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) signed into effect a Co-operation Agreement outlining plans to establish the UK-China joint Centre for the Sustainable Intensification of Agriculture (CSIA). Rothamsted Research and numerous prestigious Chinese organisations and scientists have long and established fruitful collaborations.
Modelling predicts that shifting wheat production to different regions in Europe may not be possible by the end of the century, as exposure to adverse weather in European arable farming areas will increase.
In a modelling study, a group of international scientists, including Rothamsted Research, which is strategically funded by the BBSRC, explored the question on how climate change will alter the probability of adverse weather events in Europe by the end of the century. The study focused on wheat producing areas and examined how wheat cultivation adaptation strategies may be affected under the predicted scenarios.