Soil Protection and Remediation Group Publications 1991-1995

Papers published in refereed journals

  1. Laurie, S.H., Tancock, N.P., McGrath, S.P. and Sanders, J.R. (1991) Influence of complexation on the uptake by plants of iron, manganese, copper and zinc. I. Effect of EDTA in a multi-metal and computer simulation study. Journal of Experimental Botany 42, 509-513.
  2. Laurie, S.H., Tancock, N.P., McGrath, S.P. and Sanders, J.R. (1991) Influence of complexation on the uptake by plants of iron, manganese, copper and zinc. II. Effect of DTPA in a multi-metal and computer simulation study. Journal of Experimental Botany 42, 515-519.
  3. Angle, J.S., McGrath, S.P. and Chaney, R.L. (1991) New culture medium containing ionic concentrations of nutrients similar to that found in the soil solution. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 57, 3674-3676.
  4. Banjoko, V.A. and McGrath, S.P. (1991) Studies of the distribution and bioavailability of soil zinc fractions. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 57, 325-334.
  5. Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1992) Metal tolerance of isolates of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii from soil contaminated by past applications of sewage sludge. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 24, 83-88.
  6. Wild, S.R., Berrow, M.L., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1992) Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in crops from long-term field experiments amended with sewage sludge. Environmental Pollution 76, 25-32.
  7. McGrath, S.P. and Cegarra, J. (1992) Chemical extractability of heavy metals during and after long-term applications of sewage sludge to soil. Journal of Soil Science 43, 313-321.
  8. Giller, K.E., Amijee, F., Brodrick, S.J., McGrath, S.P., Mushi, C., Edje, O.T. and Smithson, J.B. (1992) Toxic concentrations of iron and manganese in leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. growing on freely-drained soils of pH 6.5 in Northern Tanzania. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 23, 1663-1669.
  9. Angle, J.S., McGrath, S.P. and Chaudri, A.M. (1992) Effects of media components on toxicity of Cd to rhizobia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 64, 627-633.
  10. Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1992) Survival of the indigenous population of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soil spiked with Cd, Zn, Cu and Ni salts. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 24, 625-632.
  11. Lorenz, S.E., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1992) Assessment of free-living nitrogen fixation activity as a biological indicator of heavy metal toxicity in soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 24, 601-606.
  12. Wang, M.-J., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1992) The chlorobenzene content of archived sewage sludges. The Science of the Total Environment 121, 159-175.
  13. Bullock, J.I., Coward, N.P., Dawson, G.W., Henderson, I.F., Larkworthy, L.F., Martin, A.P. and McGrath, S.P. (1992) Contact uptake of metal compounds and their molluscicidal effect on the field slug, Deroceras reticulatum (Müller) (Pulmonata: Limacidae). Crop Protection 11, 329-334.
  14. Giller, K.E., Nussbaum, R., Chaudri, A.M. and McGrath, S.P. (1993) Rhizobium meliloti is less sensitive to heavy-metal contamination in soil than R. leguminosarum bv. trifolii or R. loti. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 25, 273-278.
  15. Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P., Giller, K.E., Rietz, E. and Sauerbeck, D.R. (1993) Enumeration of indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soils previously treated with metal-contaminated sewage sludge. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 25, 301-309.
  16. Angle, J.S., McGrath, S.P., Chaudri, A.M., Chaney, R.L. and Giller, K.E. (1993) Inoculation effects on legumes grown in soil previously treated with sewage sludge. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 25, 575-580.
  17. Alcock, R.E., Johnston, A.E., McGrath, S.P., Berrow, M.L. and Jones, K.C. (1993) Long-term changes in the polychlorinated biphenyl content of United Kingdom soils. Environmental Science and Technology 27, 1918-1923.
  18. Crosland, A.R., McGrath, S.P. and Lane, P.W. (1993) An interlaboratory comparison of a standardised EDTA extraction procedure for the analysis of available trace elements in two quality control soils. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 51, 153-160.
  19. Hirsch, P.R., Jones, M.J., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1993) Heavy metals from past applications of sewage sludge decrease the genetic diversity of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii populations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 25, 1485-1490.
  20. Turner, A., Giller, K.E. and McGrath, S.P. (1993) Long term effects on Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii of heavy metal contamination of land from the application of sewage sludge. In: Heavy Metals in the Environment, Proc. Intern. Conf. in Toronto, September 1993. Eds. R.J. Allan and J.O. Nriagu. CEP Consultants. Edinburgh, pp. 442-445.
  21. Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P., Giller, K.E., Angle, J.S. and Chaney, R.L. (1993) Screening of isolates and strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii for heavy metal resistance using buffered media. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 12, 1643-1651.
  22. Zhao, F., McGrath, S.P. and Crosland, A.R. (1994) Comparison of three wet digestion methods for the determination of plant sulphur by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 25, 407-418.
  23. Zhao, F. and McGrath, S.P. (1994) Comparison of sulphur uptake by oilseed rape and the soil sulphur status of two adjacent fields with different soil series. Soil Use and Management 10, 47-50.
  24. Baker, A.J.M., McGrath, S.P., Sidoli, C.M.D. and Reeves, R.D. (1994). The possibility of in situ heavy metal decontamination of polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 11, 41-49.
  25. McGrath, S.P., Chang, A.C., Page, A.L. and Witter, E. (1994). Land application of sewage sludge: scientific perspectives of heavy metal loading limits in Europe and the United States. Environ. Rev. 2, 108-118.
  26. Zhao, F.J. and McGrath, S.P. (1994). Extractable sulphate and organic sulphur in soils and their availability to plants. Plant and Soil 164, 243-250.
  27. Lorenz, S.E., Hamon, R.E., McGrath, S.P., Holm, P.E. and Christensen, T.H. (1994). Applications of fertilizer cations affect cadmium and zinc concentrations in soil solutions and uptake by plants. European Journal of Soil Science 45, 159-165.
  28. Lane, P.W. and McGrath, S.P. (1994). Modelling the effect of cultivation on the dispersion of pollutants in soil. The Statistician 43, 4, 537-549.
  29. Bernal, M.P., McGrath, S.P., Miller, A.J. and Baker, A.J.M. (1994) Comparison of the chemical changes in the rhizosphere of the nickel hyperaccumulator Alyssum murale with the non-accumulator Raphanus sativus. Plant and Soil 164, 251-259.
  30. Bernal, M.P. and McGrath, S.P. (1994) Effects of pH and heavy metal concentrations in solution culture on the proton release, growth and elemental composition of Alyssum murale and Raphanus sativus L. Plant and Soil 166, 83-92.
  31. Lorenz, S.E., Hamon, R.E. and McGrath, S.P. (1994) Differences between soil solutions obtained from rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils by water displacement and soil centrifugation. European Journal of Soil Science 45, 431-438.
  32. Sewart, A., Harrad, S.J., McLachlan, M.S., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1995). PCDD/Fs and non-o-PCBs in digested UK sewage sludges. Chemosphere 30, 1, 51-67.
  33. Wang, M-J., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1995) Chlorobenzenes in field soil with a history of multiple sewage sludge applications. Environmental Science and Technology 29, 356-362.
  34. McGrath, S.P., Chaudri, A.M. and Giller, K.E. (1995) Long-term effects of metals in sewage sludge on soils, microorganisms and plants. Journal of Industrial Microbiology 14, 94-104.
  35. Alcock, R.E., McGrath, S.P. and Jones, K.C. (1995) The influence of multiple sewage sludge amendments on the PCB content of an agricultural soil over time. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 14, 553-560.
  36. Holm, P.E., Christensen, T.H., Tjell, J.C. and McGrath, S.P. (1995) Speciation of cadmium and zinc with application to soil solutions. J. Environ. Qual. 24, 183-190.
  37. Crosland, A.R., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P. and Lane, P.W. (1995) Comparison of Aqua Regia digestion with sodium carbonate fusion for the determination of total phosphorus in soils by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP). Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 26, 1357-1368.
  38. Jones, K.C., Johnston, A.E. and McGrath, S.P. (1995) The importance of long- and short-term air-soil exchanges of organic contaminants. Intern. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 59, 167-178.
  39. Hamon, R.E., Lorenz, S.E., Holm, P.E., Christensen, T.H. and McGrath, S.P. (1995) Changes in trace metal species and other components of the rhizosphere during growth of radish. Plant, Cell and Environment 18, 749-756.
  40. Zhao, F-J., McGrath, S.P. and Crosland, A.R. (1995) Changes in the sulphur status of British wheat grain in the last decade, and its geographical distribution. J. Sci. Food Agric. 68, 507-514.
  41. Chaudri, A.M., Zhao, F.J., McGrath, S.P. and Crosland, A.R. (1995) The cadmium content of British wheat grain. Journal of Environmental Quality 24, 850-855.
  42. McGrath, S.P. and Zhao, F-J. (1995) A risk assessment of sulphur deficiency in cereals using soil and atmospheric deposition data. Soil Use and Management 11, 110-114.
  43. Laurie, S.H., Tancock, N.P., McGrath, S.P. and Sanders, J.R. (1995) Influence of EDTA complexation on plant uptake of manganese (II). Plant Science 109, 231-235.
  44. Knight, B. and McGrath, S.P. (1995) A method to buffer the concentrations of free Zn and Cd ions using a cation exchange resin in bacterial toxicity studies. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 14, 2033-2039.

Chapters in books and conference proceedings

  1. Baker, A.J.M., Reeves, R.D. and McGrath, S.P. (1991) In situ decontamination of heavy metal polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants - a feasibility study. In: In Situ Bioreclamation, Eds R.E. Hinchee and R.F. Olfenbuttel, pp. 600-605. Butterworth - Heinemann Boston.
  2. Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1991) Measurement of tolerance to Zn, Cd, Cu and Ni of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii isolates from soil contaminated by past applications of sewage sludge. International Conference on Heavy Metals in the Environment. Ed. J.G. Farmer, Vol. 2, Edinburgh: CEP Consultants Ltd, pp. 306-309.
  3. McGrath, S.P. and Loveland, P.J. (1992) The geochemical survey of topsoils in England and Wales. In: Trace Substances in Environmental Health - XXV. Ed. Barbara D. Beck. Proceedings of a conference, Columbia, Missouri, USA, 20-23 May 1991, Gradient Corpn, USA, pp. 39-51.
  4. McGrath, S.P. (1993) Soil quality in relation to agricultural uses. Integrated Soil and Sediment Research: A Basis for Proper Protection. Eds H.J.P. Eijsackers and T. Hamers. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, pp. 187-200.
  5. McGrath, S.P., Sidoli, C.M.D., Baker, A.J.M. and Reeves, R.D. (1993) The potential for the use of metal-accumulating plants for the in situ decontamination of metal-polluted soils. In: Integrated Soil and Sediment Research: a Basis for Proper Protection. Eds H.J.P. Eijsackers and T. Hamers. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, pp. 673-676.
  6. McGrath, S.P., Zhao, F., Crosland, A.R. and Salmon, S.E. (1993) Sulphur status of British wheat grain and its relationship with quality parameters. Aspects of Applied Biology 36, 317-326.
  7. Withers, P.J.A., Hodgson, I.H., McGrath, S.P. and Zhao, F. (1993) Variation in grain sulphur concentrations in wheat and barley. Aspects of Applied Biology 36, 327-335.
  8. Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P., Crosland, A.R. and Zhao, F. (1993) Mineral status of British wheat. Aspects of Applied Biology 36, 347-353.
  9. McGrath, S.P. and Jarvis, S.C. (1993) Recent considerations of grassland "soil quality" in temperate regions. Proceedings of the XVII International Grassland Congress, 13-16 February 1993, pp. 1409-1418.
  10. Baker, A.J.M., McGrath, S.P., Sidoli, C. and Reeves, R.D. (1994) In situ remediation of metal-contaminated soils using crops of hyperaccumulator plants: potentials and future prospects. Extended Abstract. In: Proceedings of the Soil Remediation Workshop 1992, Association Francaise Interprofessionelle du Cadmium, Paris 24-25 September 1992.
  11. McGrath, S., Zhao, F., Barraclough, P., Chambers, B., Withers, P. and Sinclair, A. (1994) Sulphur, phosphorus, potassium and copper - measuring crop needs, impacts on quality and options for management. Home-Grown Cereals Authority 1994 Conference on Cereals RandD, London. pp. 6.1-6.28.
  12. McGrath, S.P. (1994) Effects of heavy metals from sewage sludge on soil microbes in agricultural ecosystems. In: Toxic Metals in Soil-Plant Systems Ed. S.M. Ross. John Wiley and Sons Ltd, pp. 247-274.
  13. McGrath, S.P., Chaudri, A.M. and Giller, K.E. (1994) Long-term effects of land application of sewage sludge: soils, microorganisms and plants. Proceedings of 15th World Congress of Soil Science, Acapulco, Mexico, July 10-16 1994, pp. 517-533.
  14. Zhao, F. and McGrath, S.P. (1994) Investigating increased sulphur deficiency in the United Kingdom. Proceedings of 15th World Congress of Soil Science, Acapulco, Mexico, July 10-16 1994, pp. 174-175.
  15. McGrath, S.P., Sidoli, C.M., Baker, A.J.M. and Reeves, R. (1994) Using plants to clean heavy metals in soils. Proceedings of 15th World Congress of Soil Science, Acapulco, Mexico, July 10-16 1994, pp. 362-363.
  16. McGrath, S.P. and Zhao, F. (1994) Risk assessment of sulphur deficiency in cereals using computer-based techniques. Proceedings of Fifth International Congress for Computer Technology in Agriculture, 29 June - 5 July 1994, Warwickshire, p. 153.
  17. Jones, K.C., Johnston, A.E. and McGrath, S.P. (1994) Historical monitoring of organic contaminants in soils. In: Long-term experiments in agricultural and ecological sciences. Eds. R.A. Leigh and A.E. Johnston. Chapter 9, p. 147-163. CAB International.
  18. McGrath, S.P. and Zhao, F.J. (1995) Assessing the risk of sulphur deficiency in oilseed rape. In: Rapeseed Today and Tomorrow, Proceedings of the 9th International Rapeseed Congress, Cambridge, UK, 4-7 July 1995, Vol. 1, pp. 226-228.
  19. Withers, P.J.A., Evans, E.J., Bilsborrow, P.E., Milford, G.F.J., McGrath, S.P., Zhao, F. and Walker, K.C. (1995) Improving the prediction of sulphur deficiency in winter oilseed rape in the UK. In: Rapeseed Today and Tomorrow, Proceedings of the 9th International Rapeseed Congress, Cambridge, UK, 4-7 July 1995, Vol. 1, pp. 277-279.
  20. McGrath, S.P. (1995) Chromium and nickel. In: Heavy Metals in Soils. Ed. B.J. Alloway. Chapter 7, pp. 152-178. Second edition. Blackie.

Other publications

  1. McGrath, S.P. (1991) Fate and biological effects of toxic metals in an agricultural ecosystem. Abstracts of the Institute of British Geographer's Annual Conference, Sheffield. Eds J.G. Allsopp and R. Cryer.
  2. Chaudri, A.M., McGrath, S.P. and Giller, K.E. (1991) Metal tolerance of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii isolates from sewage sludge treated soil. Abstracts of the SETAC-Europe Founding Conference, Sheffield.
  3. McGrath, S.P. and Loveland, P.J. (1991) The geochemical survey of top-soils in England and Wales. Abstracts of the 25th Annual Conference on Trace Substances in Environmental Health, Columbia, Missouri, p.27.
  4. Baker, A.J.M., McGrath, S.P. and Reeves, R.D. (1991). In situ decontamination of heavy metal polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants - a feasibility study. In: Abstracts of the International Symposium on In Situ and On-Site Bioreclamation, 19-21 March 1991, San Diego, California.
  5. McGrath, S.P. and Loveland, P.J. (1991) The geochemical survey of topsoils in England and Wales. Abstracts of the 2nd International Symposium on Environmental Geochemistry. Ed. O. Selinus. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning Rapporter och meddelanden No. 69, 2 pp.
  6. McGrath, S.P., Baker, A.J.M. and Reeves, R.D. (1991) The possibility of in situ heavy metal decontamination of polluted soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants. American Society of Agronomy Abstracts, p.10.
  7. McGrath, S.P. (1991) Controversy over sludge science. Farmers Weekly 13 December.
  8. McGrath, S.P.and Giller,K.E. (1991) What to do with sewage sludge? Biologist 38(3), 75.
  9. Lane, P.W. and McGrath, S.P. (1991) Using a diffusion model to explain the dispersal of pollutants in soil due to cultivation. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 117, 131-132.
  10. Baker, A.J.M., McGrath, S.P., Sidoli, C. and Reeves, R.D. (1992). The potential for the use of metal-accumulating plants for the in situ decontamination of metal-polluted soils. Extended Abstract. In: Preprints of the International Symposium on Soil Decontamination Using Biological Processes, Karlsruhe, 6-9 December 1992, pp. 205-209. Dechema, Frankfurt am Main.
  11. Baker, A.J.M., McGrath, S.P., Sidoli, C. and Reeves, R.D. (1993). The possibility of in situ heavy metal decontamination of soils using crops of metal-accumulating plants. In: Abstracts of the International Conference on Environmental Biotechnology in Waste Treatment and Recycling, Hong Kong, 12-14 January 1993, p. 26.
  12. Baker, A.J.M., McGrath, S.P. and Reeves, R.D. (1993). In situ phytoremediation of metal-contaminated soils: potentials and future prospects. Paper delivered to the International Conference of the Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health, New Orleans, USA, 25-27 July 1993. Abstracts, p. 9.
  13. Chaudri, A., McGrath, S., Giller, K., Rietz, E. and Sauerbeck, D. (1993) Population sizes of indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii in soils previously treated with metal-contaminated sewage sludge. In Insight from Foresight, Abstracts Rothamsted 150th Anniversary Conference, Harpenden, July 1993.
  14. Jones, K.C., Johnston, A.E. and McGrath, S.P. (1993) Long-term monitoring of pollutants in soils. In Insight from Foresight, Abstracts Rothamsted 150th Anniversary Conference, Harpenden, July 1993.
  15. Zhao, F., McGrath, S.P. and Poulton, P.R. (1993) Long-term changes of soil sulphur status and plant sulphur uptake in the Park Grass Experiment, Rothamsted. In: Insight from Foresight, Abstracts Rothamsted 150th Anniversary Conference, Harpenden, July 1993.
  16. Zhao, F. and McGrath, S.P. (1993) Assessing the risk of sulphur deficiency in cereals. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 63, 119.
  17. McGrath, S.P. and Till, A.R. (1993) Sulphur uptake following foliar applications of elemental sulphur. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 63, 120.
  18. Baker, A.J.M., McGrath, S.P. and Reeves, R.D. (1993). In situ bioremediation of metal-contaminated soils using crops of hyperaccumulator plants: potentials and future prospects for a developing technology. In: Abstracts of the Second International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, 5-10 September 1993. Abstract 55, p. 28.
  19. Baker, A.J.M., McGrath, S.P. and Reeves, R.D. (1993). In situ bioremediation of metal-contaminated soils using crops of hyperaccumulator plants: potentials and future prospects for a developing technology. In: Agricultural and Environmental Biotechnology: Biodiagnosis, Biocontrols, Bioprocesses. Abstracts of the International Conference, 15-17 September 1993, Torino, Italy. p. 168. Edizione MAF Servizi, Torino.
  20. McGrath, S.P. (1993). Use and value of organic materials in agriculture. SCI Agriculture and Environment Group Symposium. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 63, 97-102.
  21. Witter, E., Giller, K.E. and McGrath, S.P. (1994). Long-term effects of metal contamination on soil microorganisms. Letter to the editor. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 26, 421-422.
  22. Withers, P.J.A., Evans, E.J., Bilsborrow, P.E., Milford, G.F.J., McGrath, S.P., Zhao, F. and Walker, K.C. (1995). Development and prediction of sulphur deficiency in winter oilseed rape. H-GCA Project Report No. OS11, HGCA London.
  23. McGrath, S.P., Zhao, F.J., Withers, P.J.A., Sinclair, A.H. and Evans, E.J. (1995). Sulphur nutrition of cereals in Britain: yield responses and prediction of likely deficiency. H-GCA Project Report No. 115, HGCA London.
  24. McGrath, S.P., Chaudri, A.M., Thacker, D., Salmon, S.E., Witte, K., Douglas, S. and Cauvain, S.P. (1995) Chemical composition of wheat grain. I. Survey Results. II. Effects of copper amendment on bread quality. HGCA Report No. 102, February 1995, HGCA London.

Reports and other material

  1. Sidoli, C.M.D., McGrath, S.P. and Baker, AJ.M. (1992) In situ decontamination of metal-polluted soils by means of metal-accumulator plants. Final Report to EC DG XI of ACE contract 89/UK/15/C/23, 48 pp.