The Norman Borlaug Institute for Global Food Security
Norman Borlaug (1914-2009)
American agricultural scientist Norman Borlaug dedicated his life to alleviating world hunger and in the 1940s helped initiate what became known as the “Green Revolution” —a series of technological advances in crop production that enabled many developing countries to overcome the threat of famine and, in some cases, become agriculturally self-sufficient.
Borlaug received his Ph.D. in plant pathology and genetics from the University of Minnesota in 1942. He took up an agricultural research position in Mexico, where he developed semi-dwarf, high-yield, disease-resistant wheat varieties. During the mid- 20th century, Borlaug led the introduction of these high-yielding varieties combined with modern agricultural production techniques to Mexico, Pakistan, and India. As a result, by 1963 Mexico became a net exporter of wheat. Between 1965 and 1970, wheat yields nearly doubled in Pakistan and India, greatly improving the food security in those nations. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970 in recognition of his contributions to world peace through increasing food supply. Later in his life, he helped apply these methods of increasing food production to Asia and Africa.
A unique opportunity for the University of Nottingham and Rothamsted ResearchIn the foreseeable future, plants (and especially cereals) will continue to supply much of our increased global food demand. It is likely that an additional one billion metric tons of grain will be needed annually by 2025 to feed the world, with most of this increase coming through yield improvements on existing productive land. Meanwhile, we cannot ignore our need to mitigate climate change and therefore the manner in which we increase food production becomes vitally important, with an emphasis on environmentally sustainable solutions for food production.
This initiative is in fact a re-launch of the Norman Borlaug Institute. The original Institute was established at De Montfort University in Leicester and launched by Dr. Norman Borlaug himself. Changes in the overall strategic plan of De Montfort University in the early 2000s led to the Norman Borlaug Institute needing a new fixed base. Dr Norman Borlaug himself actually suggested Rothamsted Research and the University of Nottingham as being the logical homes for this endeavour.
Professor Maurice Moloney - Director, RRes and of NBI-GFS
Professor Jerry Roberts - Associate-director NBI-GFS
Operates two national networks for monitoring insect populations in the UK. More...
Provides the research community access to a range of in situ state-of-the-art instrumentation in hydrologically isolated fields and farms to better address key issues in sustainable agriculture. More...
A database of interactions between pathogens and their hosts maintained at Rothamsted Research with international input. More...
These have been running since the mid 19th Century, provide a unique experimental system and archive of soil and plant samples. More...
Rothamsted Research receives
strategic funding from the BBSRC
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